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Politics (政治)的搭配詞 (3)
2020/02/18 11:23
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u  相關詞彙之搭配使用:

片語

…maintain political neutrality

…remain politically neutral

保持政治中立

apolitical organization

非政治性組織

discuss politically sensitive issue

討論政治敏感議題

political and financial support from the government

政府的政治與財務支持

political appointments to posts in public administration

公職的政治任命

politically correct language and behavior

政治正確的語言和行為

to ensure women’s rights to education, employment, access to justice and political participation

確保婦女受教育、工作、訴諸司法和政治參與的權利

to release all political prisoners immediately and unconditionally

立刻無條件釋放所有的政治犯

  

句子

Trade protectionism is a politically motivated defensive measure.

貿易保護主義是種具有政治動機的防衛措施。

 

Politics at work does not occur in a vacuum, but rather through interactions with others.

職場上的政治不是憑空發生,而是與他人互動而產生。

 

 段落

The usual political arguments at Thanksgiving dinner may be silenced this year thanks to Americas polarizing political climate. A new survey by the Cato Institute shows that most Americans no longer feel comfortable talking about their political beliefs. According to the survey, 71 per cent of Americans “believe that political correctness has silenced important discussions our society needs to have.” Meanwhile, 58 per cent of Americans believe the “political climate prevents them from sharing their political beliefs.” The survey found that Democrats are more open with their political views than Republicans. (Daily Mail)

在美國極端的政治氛圍籠罩下,今年感恩節晚餐可能聽不到往常的政治爭論了。卡托研究機構最新的調查報告指出,多數美國人已難再暢所欲言他們的政治理念71%的美國人「相信政治正確使得社會所需的重要討論閉口噤聲」,而58%的美國人相信「政治氛圍使他們不再分享其政治理念」。這份調查還發現民主黨人士的政治觀點比共和黨較為開放。(每日郵報)

 

說明:

The usual political arguments… may be silenced中的silenced是被動語態的動詞,指「被噤聲」,也就是不再如以往可以任意討論政治。

polarize原是動詞「極端化」,此處polarizing是現在分詞作形容詞,修飾後面的名詞片語political climate。而political climate若直譯成「政治氣候」,聽起來生硬不自然,可轉化譯為「政治氛圍」。

feel comfortable talking about…(愉快談論某事)是常見的搭配,而此處no longer feel comfortable talking about political beliefs是否定的用法。

political correctness 一般直譯為「政治正確」,是指在語言和行為上避免冒犯或歧視某些弱勢族群如女性、身心障礙者、少數族裔等。但近年來美國社會因出現一些矯枉過正的現象,導致某些人士認為「政治正確」可能箝制言論自由,產出本文所言political correctness has silenced important discussions our society needs to have.另外,此句中的silenced是主動語態的動詞。

 

u  練習:

請從方格中挑選正確的搭配詞來完成以下的句子:

  stability    responsibility        interfere  Politicians

1. Indonesia supported the ongoing efforts to achieve political ________________ as a prerequisite for achieving sustainable economic development.

印尼將持續力求政治穩定,作為經濟永續發展的先決條件。

2. The Government could not ____________ any political _____________________.

  該政府不能承擔任何政治責任

3. ___________________interfere in mass media reporting, and influential journalists ____________________in politics.

  政治人物干預大眾媒體報導,而有影響力的記者則干預政治

解答:

1. stability

2. responsibility

3. Politicians; interfere

https://www.books.com.tw/products/0010798357?loc=P_0005_025

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