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抗議protest的搭配詞彙
2012/02/12 00:31
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廖柏森 

Protest可作名詞與動詞,都是表「抗議」,但是在發音上就不太一樣。當protest作名詞時的重音是在第一音節,當動詞時則是在第二音節。另外,動詞的protest又有及物與不及物之分,作及物動詞時其後直接加抗議對象作受詞,如下句:

This organization’s objective was to protest U.S. nuclear-weapons testing.

這個組識的目標是抗議美國的核武試爆。 

如果protest作不及物動詞時,其後常接介係詞against, about, at, over等,再接抗議的對象,如下句:

Thousands of demonstrators gathered to protest against electoral fraud.

數千名示威群眾集結抗議選舉舞弊。 

protest作名詞時,字尾加er成為protester是指「抗議者」,字尾加ant變成Protestant則是指「新教徒」。其它與名詞protest搭配的詞彙如下: 

l   動詞 + protest

v.

n.

中譯

arouse / spark / trigger

protest

引發抗議

continue

 

持續抗議

file / lodge / make

 

提出抗議

hold / stage

 

舉行抗議

join

 

加入抗議

lead

 

領導抗議

organize

 

組織抗議活動

例句:

Student leaders vowed to continue anti-American protest.

學生領袖誓言要持續反美的抗議活動 

Tens of thousands of people joined protests across the nation.

全國各地成千上萬的民眾都加入了抗議的行列 

That visit triggered a brief protest by several dozen Iraqi students.

該次訪問引發了數十位伊拉克學生的短暫抗議 

l   形容詞 + strike

adj.

n.

中譯

anti-government

protest

反政府抗議

brief

 

短暫抗議

diplomatic

 

外交抗議

formal

 

嚴正抗議

peaceful

 

平和抗議

public

 

公開抗議

strong / vigorous / violent

 

強烈抗議

sit-down / sit-in

 

靜坐抗議

widespread

 

全面抗議

例句:

The organization has made a formal protest against the nuclear testing.

該組織針對核子試爆提出嚴正的抗議 

Uganda’s opposition called for peaceful protests against the government’s huge election win last week.

烏干達的反對黨呼籲對上週政府的選舉大勝採取平和的抗議 

 It was the first public protest in Beijing since June.

這是自六月以來在北京的第一起公開抗議事件。 

AT least 10 people were arrested as up to 2,000 demonstrators began a sit-down protest last night.

昨晚多達兩千名示威群眾開始靜坐抗議,造成至少十人被逮捕。 

l   strike + 名詞

n.

n.

中譯

protest

demonstration

抗議示威

 

event

抗議事件

 

group

抗議團體

 

leader

抗議領導者

 

march

抗議遊行

 

movement

抗議運動

 

organization

抗議組織

 

rally

抗議集會

例句:

Several labor unions are preparing to hold a protest march in Taipei.

幾個勞工工會正準備在台北舉行抗議遊行 

Union leaders lend their support to the protest movement.

工會領袖對於此抗議運動給予支持。 

The Pakistani government stops a protest rally before it starts.

巴基斯坦政府事先阻止了一場抗議集會

補充相關詞彙搭配:

to hit the streets to protest against…: 走上街頭來抗議

to take to the streets: 走上街頭

to rally together to protest against…: 一起集會來抗議

to stage a rally to protest…:舉行集會來抗議 

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