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學術搭配詞: compare (V. 比較)
2008/02/04 18:34
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廖柏森

l Compare (V. 比較)

論文寫作中常需比較研究的結果或是與其它不同研究作比較,而最常用的動詞就是compare      例如:

After applying t-tests to compare means of pre- and post-tests, H1 was accepted and H2 was rejected (p> .05).

    使用t檢定比較前測和後測的平均數後,假設1被接受而假設2被拒絕(p> .05)

   

Ø compare + Adv. / Adv. + compare

compare advantageously/ favorably/ well

 (比起來較好)

compare poorly/ unfavorably

(比起來較差)

compare directly

(直接地比較)

compare statistically

(統計地比較)

例句:

1.      The rights we enjoy under our laws compare favourably with those in other societies.

我們在我們的法律下所享有的權利其它社會比較起來是較好的

2. Its pay has always compared poorly with that of other white-collar occupations.

  其薪資其它白領工作比較起較差

3. The simplest way to statistically compare the two types of tests would be to examine the correlation coefficients reported in the literature.

統計比較兩種測驗的最簡單方式是去檢視文獻中所報告的相關係數。

Ø  compare + Prep.

compare with/ to (比較)

compare to (比喻)

有兩件事物相互比較時,要注意介系詞的用法。一般來說,可用「compare A with/ to B」的句型,此時withto都可表「與相比」;但有時「compare A to B」是表「比喻」,不可混淆。

例句:

1. The results from this questionnaire would compare with the results of the cloze test.

  此問卷的結果會克漏字測驗結果比較

說明: 英文中作比較時兩個比較的事物要對等,因此句中會出現兩次results,顯示是「問卷結果」和「克漏字測驗結果」的比較。但台灣同學受中文影響容易寫出不對等的比較,變成「問卷結果」和「克漏字測驗」的比較,如以下錯誤的句子要力求避免:

*The results from this questionnaire would compare with the cloze test.

2. The participants compared their output with the target form in that input.

  參與研究者比較他們的輸出輸入的目標形式。

說明: 此句中的介系詞with也可代換成and

3. Robert Brown studied the movement of molecules in water, and he found that they moved around randomly, just like a drunkard. We can compare a molecule in water to the drunkard.

Robert Brown研究水中分子的運動,發現這些分子的移動很混亂,就像醉漢一樣。我們可以把水中的分子比喻為一位醉漢。

Ø Prep. + compare

beyond / past/ without compare (無可比擬)

    以上是慣用語,compare雖是動詞,但在此的作用就如同名詞一般,也可用comparison代換。

例句:

1. The diamond beyond compare in its beauty is part of the Crown jewels.

這顆鑽石的美麗無與倫比,是皇冠上的一部份。

u 補充句型:

1. It is difficult to compare results across studies.

在不同研究之間比較結果是很困難的。

u 句型練習:

1. We designed a study to compare __________________ and__________________ .

我們設計了一個研究來比較

2. __________________ was used to compare experimental and control groups.

用來比較實驗組和控制組。

3. The purpose of the study reported in this article was to compare the effects of

本文報告的研究其目的在於比較的效果。

 資料來源: http://www.books.com.tw/exep/prod/booksfile.php?item=0010410089

 

 

 

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