Abortion ruling prompts variety of reactions from states.The U.S. Supreme Court on Friday overturned Roe v. Wade, the 1973 decision that had provided a constitutional right to abortion. The ruling is expected to lead to abortion bans in roughly half the states, although the timing of those laws taking effect varies.
Some Republican-led states will ban or severely limit abortion immediately, while other restrictions will take effect later. At least one state, Texas, is waiting until after the Supreme Court issues its formal judgment in the case, which is separate from the opinion issued Friday and could take about a month.In anticipation of the decision, several states led by Democrats have taken steps to protect abortion access. The decision also sets up the potential for legal fights between the states over whether providers and those who help women obtain abortions can be sued or prosecuted.
Here is an overview of abortion legislation and the expected impact of the court’s decision in every state.
.CALIFORNIA.Political control: Democrats who support access to abortion control all statewide elected offices and have large majorities in the state Legislature.Background: California outlawed abortion in 1850, except when the life of the mother was in danger. The law changed in 1967 to include abortions in the case of rape, incest or if a woman’s mental health were in danger. In 1969, the California Supreme Court declared the state’s original abortion law to be unconstitutional but left the 1967 law in place. In 1972, California voters added a “right to privacy” to the state constitution. Since then, the state Supreme Court has interpreted that “right to privacy” as a right to access abortion, allow minors to get an abortion without their parents’ permission and use public funding for abortions in the state’s Medicaid program. California now requires private health insurance plans to cover abortions and does not allow them to charge things such as co-pays or deductibles for the procedure.
美國最高法院20220624推翻1973年「羅訴韋德案」憲法保障墮胎權的歷史性裁決,成為首個收回墮胎權的國家,以下是全球墮胎權現況。● 美國開倒車由保守派成員把持的美國最高法院,今天做出近幾十年來對社會影響最深遠的判決,以5票贊成,4票反對推翻「羅訴韋德案」（Roe v. Wade）,並以6票贊成,3票反對,維護密西西比州禁止15週後墮胎的法律。美國女性原本和加拿大,歐洲和大洋洲的女性一樣,以享有全球最自由墮胎法律為代表。但墮胎議題在美國始終意見分歧,共和黨執政的13個州早已通過法律嚴格禁止墮胎,但先前都因為違反「羅訴韋德案」裁決而沒有生效。