Photography by Infrared: Its Principles and Applications
By Walter Clark 500 pages
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons
Place of publication:
Table of contents
Chapter I the Subject （主題） 1
General introduction; the spectrum; discovery of infrared; relation to other radiations; bibliography.
Chapter II the General Practice of Infrared Photography （近紅外線攝影實務） 11
Infrared plates and films; cameras; lenses and focusing; filters; sources of infrared; exposure; darkroom practice; bibliography.
Chapter III Photographic Darkroom Practice （暗房實務） 29
The photographic darkroom (construction and equipment) ; photographic solutions, mixing and use; spots and marks; bibliography.
Chapter IV Characteristics of Photographic Materials （照相材料特性） 44
General; the developed photographic image; density; relation of density to exposure; contrast, gradient, gamma; exposure latitude; speed, sensitivity; extent, of development; fog; color sensitivity -the effect of wavelength; filter factors; reciprocity law failure; intermittency effect; graininess and resolving power; positive materials; bibliography.
Chapter V Photographic Sensitizing for the Infrared （近紅外線感光材料） 72
History of sensitizing dyes; constitution of the sensitizing dyes; spectral sensitivity characteristics of infrared films and plates; practical color sensitizing; hyper sensitizing: limit of infrared sensitizing; photothermographic and thermographic reactions; bibliography.
Chapter VI the Herschel Effect and Indirect Methods of Infrared Photography （近紅外線間接攝影法） 104
Infrared photography by destruction of the latent image-the Herschel effect; infrared recording by volatilization ; infrared photography by the phosphorophotographic method; use of the electron-image tube; bibliography.
Chapter VII Sources of Infrared Radiation （近紅外線光源） 131
Sources of radiation; sources with continuous spectra; the black body and color temperature; the sun; artificial incandescent sources; the tungsten-filament lamps; flash lamps: radiant heaters; the Nernst glower; the Welsbach mantle; carbon arcs; other arcs; other sources; sources with discontinuous spectra; mercury arcs; sodium-vapor lamps; Neon lamps; other gaseous-conduction lamps; the spark; practical selection of sources for infrared photography; note on characteristics of lamps of English manufacture; bibliography.
Chapter VIII Examination and Differentiation of Materials by Infrared （運用近紅外線進行檢驗及鑑別） 178
Textile industry; graphic arts industry; examination of paintings; documentary photography; criminology ; increasing contrast photographically; bibliography.
Chapter IX Medical Infrared Photography （近紅外線照相術在醫學的用途） 218
Transmission and reflection of infrared by skin and tissue; sources of infrared; study of the superficial venous system by infrared; infrared photography of gross specimens; infrared photography of the eye; dermatology; transillumination; simultaneous infrared and X-ray photography; infrared photography and the blood; bibliography.
Chapter X Infrared Photography Applied to Botany and Palaeontology （近紅外線照相術應用於植物學及古生物學） 253
Reflection and absorption characteristics of leaves and plant Pigments; plant pathology; transparency of wood to infrared; paleontology; bibliography.
Chapter XI Infrared Photomicrography （近紅外線顯微照相） 275
Practical infrared photomicrography; focusing; applications of infrared photomicrography; biological applications; infrared photomicrography of textile fabrics; bibliography.
Chapter XII Special Applications of Infrared Photography （近紅外線照相的特殊用途） 296
General landscape photography; photographic survey from The air and ground; ground photography; aerial photography; aerial forest survey; aerial geological survey; fog Penetration; special-effects photography; composite photography; dazzle-free photography; photographs in total darkness; infrared flash photography; photography of hot objects; photographic thermometry; applications in technology; spectrographic and astronomical photography; infrared photography of the Northern Lights; ethnological studies; Psychical research; photography of diamonds; examination of pearls; shadow photography and longitudinal scattering; Measurement of infrared by photography; color photography; bibliography.
Chapter XIII Camouflage Detection by Infrared Photography （使用近紅外線照相術偵測欺敵偽裝） 355
Infrared reflectance of paints and foliage Photographic selection of infrared paint standards; gasoline-storage tanks; bibliography.
Chapter XIV Penetration of Radiation Through the Atmosphere （近紅外線幅射在大氣層的穿透率） 370
Dust, smoke, haze, mist, fog, and cloud; scattering of light by suspended particles.
Chapter XV Penetration of Radiation Through Fog and Haze （穿透霧、霾觀測實務） 385
Artificial fogs, natural fogs; correlation of theoretical and Experimental observations; study of penetration using direct Photography; conclusions concerning the practice of photography through haze and fog; bibliography.
Chapter XVI Optical Characteristics of Materials in the Infrared （光學材料的近紅外線光學特性） 410
Quartz and glass; lenses; niters; the Christiansen and Powder filters; polarizing screens; safelights for the infrared; transmission of various common materials in the Infrared; reflecting powers of materials in the infrared; Bibliography.
Appendix I Infrared Materials Available Commercially （附錄1-商用近紅外線材料） 445
Appendix Ii Weights and Measures--Conversion Tables （附錄 2 重量及其他計量換算表） 446
Appendix III Kodak Formulas for Photographic Processing Solutions Negative Developers （附錄 3. 柯達公司顯影劑配方） 448
Name Index （名詞索引） 453
Index （主題索引） 463
Walter A. Clark is a professor of musicology and chair of the music department at the