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100 Most Often Mispelled Misspelled Words in English
2010/04/11 08:54
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I wish to collect at least 100 most often mispelled words of my students' and even classify them with their years of English learning.

Recently I am working on some checklists which can help students complete their own writing and enjoy the writing process. ( Revising Checklist, Editing Checklist, )

Besides, I will also collect the possible writing topics with a list of  helpful word bank.

Instead of using the boring words, try to use some other expressions. ( ( I wish to collect another list of interesting expressions.)

Moreover, the commonly used sentence patterns will be collected and organized.

I will also work on some cards which include " Descriptive words, Action words, Transition Words, Sensory Words, Overused words, possible Writing topics, High Frequency Word List, helpful Writing Guide, commonly mispelled words, graphic organizers, writing samples, writing styles prompt cards, .....)

100 Most Often Mispelled Misspelled Words in English

轉載於http://www.yourdictionary.com/library/misspelled.html

A

  • acceptable - Several words made the list because of the suffix pronounced -êbl but sometimes spelled -ible, sometimes -able. Just remember to accept any table offered to you and you will spell this word OK.
  • accidentally - It is no accident that the test for adverbs on -ly is whether they come from an adjective on -al ("accidental" in this case). If so, the -al has to be in the spelling. No publical, then publicly.
  • accommodate - Remember, this word is large enough to accommodate both a double "c" AND a double "m".
  • acquire - Try to acquire the knowledge that this word and the next began with the prefix ad- but the [d] converts to [c] before [q].
  • acquit - See the previous discussion.
  • a lot - Two words! Hopefully, you won't have to allot a lot of time to this problem.
  • amateur - Amateurs need not be mature: this word ends on the French suffix -eur (the equivalent of English -er).
  • apparent - A parent need not be apparent but "apparent" must pay the rent, so remember this word always has the rent.
  • argument - Let's not argue about the loss of this verb's silent [e] before the suffix -ment.
  • atheist - Lord help you remember that this word comprises the prefix a- "not" + the "god" (also in the-ology) + -ist "one who believes."

B

  • believe - You must believe that [i] usually comes before [e] except after [c] or when it is pronounced like "a" as "neighbor" and "weigh" or "e" as in "their" and "heir." Also take a look at "foreign" below. (The "i-before-e" rule has more exceptions than words it applies to.)
  • bellwether - Often misspelled "bellweather." A wether is a gelded ram, chosen to lead the herd (thus his bell) due to the greater likelihood that he will remain at all times ahead of the ewes.

C

  • calendar - This word has an [e] between two [a]s. The last vowel is [a].
  • category - This word is not in a category with "catastrophe" even if it sounds like it: the middle letter is [e].
  • cemetery - Don't let this one bury you: it ends on -ery—nary an -ary in it. You already know it starts on [c], of course.
  • changeable - The verb "change" keeps its [e] here to indicate that the [g] is soft, not hard. (That is also why "judgement" is the correct spelling of this word, no matter what anyone says.)
  • collectible - Another -ible word. You just have to remember.
  • column - Silent final [e] is commonplace in English but a silent final [n] is not uncommon, especially after [m].
  • committed - If you are committed to correct spelling, you will remember that this word doubles its final [t] from "commit" to "committed."
  • conscience - Don't let misspelling this word weigh on your conscience: [ch] spelled "sc" is unusual but legitimate.
  • conscientious - Work on your spelling conscientiously and remember this word with [ch] spelled two different ways: "sc" and "ti". English spelling!
  • conscious - Try to be conscious of the "sc" [ch] sound and all the vowels in this word's ending and i-o-u a note of congratulations.
  • consensus - The census does not require a consensus, since they are not related.

D

  • daiquiri - Don't make yourself another daiquiri until you learn how to spell this funny word-the name of a Cuban village.
  • definite (ly) - This word definitely sounds as though it ends only on -it, but it carries a silent "e" everywhere it goes.
  • discipline - A little discipline, spelled with the [s] and the [c] will get you to the correct spelling of this one.
  • drunkenness - You would be surprised how many sober people omit one of the [n]s in this one.
  • dumbbell - Even smart people forget one of the [b]s in this one. (So be careful who you call one when you write.)

E

  • embarrass (ment) - This one won't embarrass you if you remember it is large enough for a double [r] AND a double [s].
  • equipment - This word is misspelled "equiptment" 22,932 times on the web right now.
  • exhilarate - Remembering that [h] when you spell this word will lift your spirits and if you remember both [a]s, it will be exhilarating!
  • exceed 0 Remember that this one is -ceed, not -cede. (To exceed all expectations, master the spellings of this word, "precede" and "supersede" below.)
  • existence - No word like this one spelled with an [a] is in existence. This word is a menage a quatre of one [i] with three [e]s.
  • experience - Don't experience the same problem many have with "existence" above in this word: -ence!

F

  • fiery - The silent "e" on "fire" is also cowardly: it retreats inside the word rather than face the suffix -y.
  • foreign - Here is one of several words that violate the i-before-e rule. (See "believe" above.)

G

  • gauge - You must learn to gauge the positioning of the [a] and [u] in this word. Remember, they are in alphabetical order (though not the [e]).
  • grateful - You should be grateful to know that keeping "great" out of "grateful" is great.
  • guarantee - I guarantee you that this word is not spelled like "warranty" even though they are synonyms.

H

  • harass - This word is too small for two double letters but don't let it harass you, just keep the [r]s down to one.
  • height - English reaches the height (not heighth!) of absurdity when it spells "height" and "width" so differently.
  • hierarchy - The i-before-e rule works here, so what is the problem?
  • humorous - Humor us and spell this word "humorous": the [r] is so weak, it needs an [o] on both sides to hold it up.

I

  • ignorance - Don't show your ignorance by spelling this word -ence!
  • immediate - The immediate thing to remember is that this word has a prefix, in- "not" which becomes [m] before [m] (or [b] or [p]). "Not mediate" means direct which is why "immediately" means "directly."
  • independent - Please be independent but not in your spelling of this word. It ends on -ent.
  • indispensable - Knowing that this word ends on -able is indispensable to good writing.
  • inoculate - This one sounds like a shot in the eye. One [n] the eye is enough.
  • intelligence - Using two [l]s in this word and ending it on -ence rather than -ance are marks of . . . you guessed it.
  • its/it's - The apostrophe marks a contraction of "it is." Something that belongs to it is "its."

J

  • jewelry - Sure, sure, it is made by a jeweler but the last [e] in this case flees the scene like a jewel thief. However, if you prefer British spelling, remember to double the [l]: "jeweller," "jewellery." (See also pronunciation.)
  • judgment - Traditionally, the word has been spelled judgment in all forms of the English language. However, the spelling judgement (with e added) largely replaced judgment in the United Kingdom in a non-legal context. In the context of the law, however, judgment is preferred. This spelling change contrasts with other similar spelling changes made in American English, which were rejected in the UK. In the US at least, judgment is still preferred and judgement is considered incorrect by many American style guides.

K

  • kernel (colonel) - There is more than a kernel of truth in the claim that all the vowels in this word are [e]s. So why is the military rank (colonel) pronounced identically? English spelling can be chaotic.

L

  • leisure - Yet another violator of the i-before-e rule. You can be sure of the spelling of the last syllable but not of the pronunciation.
  • liaison - Another French word throwing us an orthographical curve: a spare [i], just in case. That's an [s], too, that sounds like a [z].
  • library - It may be as enjoyable as a berry patch but that isn't the way it is spelled. That first [r] should be pronounced, too.
  • license - Where does English get the license to use both its letters for the sound [s] in one word?
  • lightning - Learning how to omit the [e] in this word should lighten the load of English orthography a little bit.

M

  • maintenance - The main tenants of this word are "main" and "tenance" even though it comes from the verb "maintain." English orthography at its most spiteful.
  • maneuver - Man, the price you pay for borrowing from French is high. This one goes back to French main + oeuvre "hand-work," a spelling better retained in the British spelling, "manoeuvre."
  • medieval - The medieval orthography of English even lays traps for you: everything about the MIDdle Ages is MEDieval or, as the British would write, mediaeval.
  • memento - Why would something to remind of you of a moment be spelled "memento?" Well, it is.
  • millennium - Here is another big word, large enough to hold two double consonants, double [l] and double [n].
  • miniature - Since that [a] is seldom pronounced, it is seldom included in the spelling. This one is a "mini ature;" remember that.
  • minuscule - Since something minuscule is smaller than a miniature, shouldn't they be spelled similarly? Less than cool, or "minus cule."
  • mischievous - This mischievous word holds two traps: [i] before [e] and [o] before [u]. Four of the five vowels in English reside here.
  • misspell - What is more embarrassing than to misspell the name of the problem? Just remember that it is mis + spell and that will spell you the worry about spelling "spell."

N

  • neighbor - The word "neighbor" breaks the i-before-e rule and invokes the silent "gh". This is fraught with error potential. If you use British spelling, it will cost you another [u]: "neighbour."
  • noticeable - The [e] is noticeably retained in this word to indicate the [c] is "soft," pronounced like [s]. Without the [e], it would be pronounced "hard," like [k], as in "applicable."

O

  • occasionally - Writers occasionally tire of doubling so many consonants and omit one, usually one of the [l]s. Don't you ever do it.
  • occurrence - Remember not only the occurrence of double double consonants in this word, but that the suffix is -ence, not -ance. No reason, just the English language keeping us on our toes.

P

  • pastime - Since a pastime is something you do to pass the time, you would expect a double [s] here. Well, there is only one. The second [s] was slipped through the cracks in English orthography long ago.
  • perseverance - All it takes is perseverance and you, too, can be a (near-)perfect speller. The suffix is -ance for no reason at all.
  • personnel - Funny Story: The assistant Vice-President of Personnel notices that his superior, the VP himself, upon arriving at his desk in the morning opens a small, locked box, smiles, and locks it back again. Some years later when he advanced to that position (inheriting the key), he came to work early one morning to be assured of privacy. Expectantly, he opened the box. In it was a single piece of paper which said: "Two Ns, one L."
  • playwright - Those who play right are right-players, not playwrights. Well, since they write plays, they should be "play-writes," wright right? Rong Wrong. Remember that a play writer in Old English was called a "play worker" and "wright" is from an old form of "work" (wrought iron, etc.)
  • possession - Possession possesses more [s]s than a snake.
  • precede - What follows, succeeds, so what goes before should, what? No, no, no, you are using logic. Nothing confuses English spelling more than common sense. "Succeed" but "precede." (Wait until you see "supersede.")
  • principal/principle - The spelling principle to remember here is that the school principal is a prince and a pal (despite appearances)--and the same applies to anything of foremost importance, such as a principal principle. A "principle" is a rule. (Thank you, Meghan Cope, for help on this one.)
  • privilege - According to the pronunciation (not "pronounciation"!) of this word, that middle vowel could be anything. Remember: two [i]s + two [e]s in that order.
  • pronunciation - Nouns often differ from the verbs they are derived from. This is one of those. In this case, the pronunciation is different, too, an important clue.
  • publicly - Let me publicly declare the rule (again): if the adverb comes from an adjective ending on -al, you include that ending in the adverb; if not, as here, you don't.

Q

  • questionnaire - The French doing it to us again. Double up on the [n]s in this word and don't forget the silent [e]. Maybe someday we will spell it the English way.

R

  • receive/receipt - I hope you have received the message by now: [i] before [e] except after . . . .
  • recommend - I would recommend you think of this word as the equivalent of commending all over again: re+commend. That would be recommendable.
  • referred - Final consonants are often doubled before suffixes (remit: remitted, remitting). However, this rule applies only to accented syllables ending on [l] and [r], e.g. "rebelled," "referred" but "traveled," "buffered" and not containing a diphthong, e.g. "prevailed," "coiled."
  • reference - Refer to the last mentioned word and also remember to add -ence to the end for the noun.
  • relevant - The relevant factor here is that the word is not "revelant," "revelent," or even "relevent." [l] before [v] and the suffix -ant.
  • restaurant - 'Ey, you! Remember, these two words when you spell "restaurant." They are in the middle of it.
  • rhyme - Actually, "rime" was the correct spelling until 1650. After that, egg-heads began spelling it like "rhythm." Why? No rhyme nor reason other than to make it look like "rhythm."
  • rhythm - This one was borrowed from Greek (and conveniently never returned) so it is spelled the way we spell words borrowed from Greek and conveniently never returned.

S

  • schedule - If perfecting your spelling is on your schedule, remember the [sk] is spelled as in "school." (If you use British or Canadian pronunciation, why do you pronounce this word [shedyul] but "school," [skul]? That has always puzzled me.)
  • separate - How do you separate the [e]s from the [a]s in this word? Simple: the [e]s surround the [a]s.
  • sergeant - The [a] needed in both syllables of this word has been pushed to the back of the line. Remember that, and the fact that [e] is used in both syllables, and you can write your sergeant without fear of misspelling his rank.
  • supersede - This word supersedes all others in perversity. As if we don't have enough to worry about, keeping words on -ceed and -cede ("succeed," "precede," etc.) straight in our minds, this one has to be different from all the rest. The good news is: this is the only English word based on this stem spelled -sede.

T

  • their/they're/there - They're all pronounced the same but spelled differently. Possessive is "their" and the contraction of "they are" is "they're." Everywhere else, it is "there."
  • threshold - This one can push you over the threshold. It looks like a compound "thresh + hold" but it isn't. Two [h]s are enough.
  • twelfth - Even if you omit the [f] in your pronunciation of this word (which you shouldn't do), it is retained in the spelling.
  • tyranny - If you are still resisting the tyranny of English orthography at this point, you must face the problem of [y] inside this word, where it shouldn't be. The guy is a "tyrant" and his problem is "tyranny." (Don't forget to double up on the [n]s, too.)

U

  • until - I will never stop harping on this until this word is spelled with an extra [l] for the last time!

V

  • vacuum - If your head is not a vacuum, remember that the silent [e] on this one married the [u] and joined him inside the word where they are living happily ever since. Well, the evidence is suggestive but not conclusive. Anyway, spell this word with two [u]s and not like "volume."

WXYZ

  • weather - Whether you like the weather or not, you have to write the [a] after the [e] when you spell it.
  • weird - It is weird having to repeat this rule so many times: [i] before [e] except after...? (It isn't [w]!)
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6樓. Happiness
2010/04/21 23:42
Writer's Checklist

http://www.eslgold.com/writing/checklist.html

Writer's Checklist

1. Grammar

    Verbs

      Tense

      Verb Form

    Sentence Structure

      S - V relationship

      Clarity (Is it clear or confusing)

    Other

      Articles

      Prepositions

      Wordiness

2. Vocabulary

    Word choice

    Any translation?

3. Organization
    Introduction

      General statements

      Thesis statement

    Body
      Support

      Details

      Concrete examples

    Transitions

    Conclusion

4. Overall Effect
    What is the main message?

    Is it interesting to read?

    How does it look?

      Paragraph division

      Handwriting

Describing Action in Progress

In this picture,* there are many people riding on a bus. Some of the people arestanding and some are sitting. The bus driver is talking to a young man who is just getting on the bus. An old woman is standing in the aisle and is leaning against a post. She looks very tired. Next to her, there is a shopping cart full of groceries. Two men are standing near the old woman. They are arguing about something. On the right side of the bus, there is a bald man looking out the window, and sitting behind him is a young man listening to the radio. On the left side of the bus, there are some girls chatting happily while someone is smoking in the seat behind them. I think this looks like a typical day on the bus in Taiwan.

Describing Action in Progress:

    Present Progressive TenseHe is standing.

    They are sitting.

    There is

    Prepositions

    There are

    to show movement and position



    in, on, by, near, over, under,

    next to, in front of,

    on the right (side)

    OpinionsI think . . .

    It looks like . . .

    They look tired.

    They appear to be tired.


See also: Grammar: Present Progressive Tense
Speaking: Talking about Here and Now
Speaking: Describing a Picture

*See Look Again Pictures, Riding on a Bus, page 27.


Happiness2010/04/21 23:44回覆
Getting Ideas Organized

1. Make a list. (Get your ideas down on paper.)

2. Select those items that are most interesting/appropriate.

3. Formulate a topic sentence.

4. Arrange ideas in an outline.

Example:

Baseball

Basketball

Soccer

Badminton

Olympics

Professional Sports

Athletes

Coaches

Sports medicine

Muscles

Being in shape

Heart rate

Karate

Team sports

Competition

School Contests


Revised Topic: High school sports competitions require that athletes be in good shape, follow their coach, and work together as a team.

High school sports competitions

    1. Be in good shape

      muscles

      heart rate

      flexibility

    2. Follow the coach

      leader of the team

      conditioning of the athletes

      rules

    3. Work as a team

      cooperation

      team spirit

      strategy

    Topic: Sports
Happiness2010/04/21 23:45回覆
Topics for Writing

The following Topics for Writing are just a small sample from the game, Roll Play, by Dymon Publications.


Hypothetical

    What would you do if you were late for an important appointment?
    What would you do if someone accused you of a crime you didn't commit?
    What would you do if you got lost in an unfamiliar city?
    What would you do if you left something in a locked building?
    What would you do if your best friend stole something from you?
    What would you do if you didn't have enough money to pay your bills?
    What would you do if your children were caught shoplifting?
    What would you do if your car got a flat tire on the freeway?
    If you could change one thing about your past, what would it be?
    If you could change one major historical event, what would it be?
Description
    Describe a famous park or recreation area in your home country.
    Describe an interesting neighbor you have had.
    Describe something you could never give away.
    Describe a place you will never forget.
    Describe a sporting event you attended recently.
    Describe a memorable birthday celebration.
    Describe a place you go for recreation or exercise.
    Describe your childhood home.
    Describe someone you respect deeply.
    Describe the nightlife in a city you are familiar with.
Narration
    Tell about a recent interview.
    Tell about a time when you lost something.
    Tell about one of your fondest childhood memories.
    Tell about a time when you lied to your parents, boss, or teacher.
    Tell about a time when you were treated unfairly.
    Briefly tell about a movie you saw recently.
    Tell about something you made ?from scratch.?
    Tell about a "close call" you had recently.
    Tell about something you wish had never happened.
    Tell about a time when you inadvertently caused trouble for someone else.
Opinion
    What is your opinion about cellular phones?
    What is your opinion about women in the military?
    What is your opinion about a current politician?
    What is your opinion about violence on television?
    What is your opinion about fortune telling?
    What is your opinion about the tabloids?
    What is your opinion about legalizing marijuana?
    What is your opinion about the welfare system?
    What is your opinion about cloning?
    What is your opinion about recycling?
Instructions

    Tell how to find something on the Internet.
    Tell how to feed family members who drop by unexpectedly.
    Tell how to dump a boyfriend/girlfriend.
    Tell how to get from your house to the supermarket.
    Tell what to do in an earthquake.
    Tell how to get someone to fall in love with you.
    Tell how to make a paper airplane.
    Tell how to get a good table at a restaurant.
    Tell how to get a discount on an expensive item.
    Tell how to discipline an unruly child.

Sample Personal Essay Topics
Argumentative Essay Topics (from Glendale Community College, Arizona)
Writing Prompts/Journal Topics from Can Teach

See also: TOEFL Writing Topics (from Kazuo.com)
Happiness2010/04/21 23:48回覆
Tips for Practicing Writing

What do I write about? How do I write?
    Brainstorming
      Thinking of ideas
    Organization
      Arranging ideas
    Composing
      Putting ideas together
    Revising ideas
      Expanding
      Elaborating
      Supporting
      Deleting
      Rewording
    Proofreading
      Final check

Why do I write?

    To fulfill a task
    To discover your ideas
    To gain experience in communication
    To express your views
    To share your ideas
    To achieve a goal
    To get a particular result

What style do I use?

    Depends on your purpose
      Business communication
      Record-keeping
      Research
      Information exchange
      Fun
Happiness2010/04/21 23:51回覆
Writing: Highly Recommended Writing Links

Highly Recommended Writing Links
Other Writing Links
Happiness2010/04/21 23:55回覆
5樓. Happiness
2010/04/14 23:35
4樓. Happiness
2010/04/13 00:02
1
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Criterion提供的五大類文章分析項目為:

一. Grammar文法
Fragment or Missing Comma 不完整的句子
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Garbled Sentences 混淆的句子  
Subject-Verb Agreement 主動詞不一致  
Ill-formed Verbs 動詞時態錯誤  
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Possessive Errors 所有格的錯誤  
Wrong or Missing Word 錯誤或是遺漏的字  
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Missing or Extra Article 冠詞誤用  
Confused Words 易混淆字  
Wrong Form of Word 錯誤的詞類  
Faulty Comparisons 比較級誤用  
Preposition Error 介係詞的錯誤  
Nonstandard Verb or Word Form 不標準的動詞或用字
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Spelling拼字  
Missing Initial Capital Letter in a Sentence 句首字母大寫  
Missing Question Mark 遺漏問句  
Missing Final Punctuation 遺漏句號  
Missing Apostrophe 遺漏縮寫符號  
Missing Comma 遺漏逗號  
Missing Hyphen 遺漏連字號  
Fused Words 連字  
Compound Words 複合名詞  
Duplicate Words 重複字
四. Style文體風格
Repetition of Words 重複用字  
Inappropriate Words or Phrases 不恰當的字詞使用  
Sentences Beginning with Coordinating Conjunctions 以對等連接詞為首的句子
Too Many Short Sentences 太多短句  
Too Many Long Sentences 太多長句  
Passive Voice 被動式
五. Organization & Development組織與發展
Introductory Material 前言  
Thesis Statement 主體  
Main Ideas 主要論點   
Supporting Ideas 支持的論點   
Conclusion 結論   
Transitional Words and Phrases 轉折字與片語   
Other 其他
http://www.iwriting.com.tw/aboutus.jsp?id=39&type=1 Happiness2010/04/13 00:02回覆

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6. Compare & Contrast 對比與對照
7. Cause & Effect 因果關係
8. Persuasive 勸說式

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Happiness2010/04/13 00:04回覆
陳超明 希望這一代英文更好
【聯合報╱記者孫蓉華/台北報導】

陳超明教授認為,英文需要活用,不能死背。 本報資料照片/記者曾學仁攝影
政治大學英文系教授陳超明今年3月至8月,在聯合報教育版推出「一生必學的英文文法」系列,還試驗性質到高中教英文,很多人問為何大學教授要寫文法書?要到高中教學?他說,就只是一份使命感,希望我們這一代的英文會更好。

大學生的英文程度參差不齊,甚至被批評一代不如一代,陳超明一改傳統大學教授不碰高中以下英文文法書的觀念,不僅寫了「一生必學的英文文法」專欄,還到高中教了一個月英文。他說,打破傳統的目的,只是要證明學習英文沒有這麼難,只要用對方法就能有效地學習,不要被文法「術語」綁死。

陳超明說,大學生的英文不好,與台灣整個教育體制有關,不能怪學生學不好,如果老師在課堂上只一再教用不到的文法,讓學生失去學習興趣,加上沒有機會去說、去寫、去加強閱讀,英文當然學不好。要改變國中高中英文學不好的問題, 不能只有抱怨,要找出問題,他發現,高中老師仍無法放棄文法,考試仍考文法。事實上從大學學測、指考到多益、托福等,都已不考文法,老師傳統的教法需要改變。

他強調,語言學習中一定要認識語言是活的,單字、文法不是唯一架構,是思考工具,先要去學最基礎的,再來是高階的,去體會思考文字、語言之美。

陳超明認為,要打破文法與單字這兩大魔咒才能把英語學好,文法只要記住簡單的原則,不要被文法的框框設限,不要害怕用錯文法,即使美國人也有錯用文法的時候,何況我們是「外國人」。

陳超明說,只要維持基本文法規則、養成長期閱讀的習慣,唯有多讀多看,學到的東西才是自己的。

●「一生必學英文文法」已集結出書,明天上市,網址:http://www.linkingbooks.com.tw/home/default.asp

Happiness2010/04/13 01:07回覆
3樓. Happiness
2010/04/12 23:46
1
1

99學測英文考科非選擇題評分說明

【第一處 林秀慧】

  99學年度學科能力測驗(簡稱99學測)已於1月29、30日舉行完畢,而今年英文科的試題延續前幾年的題型,包含了選擇題與非選擇題兩部分,第壹部分占總分72分,皆為單選題,題型包括了詞彙題、綜合測驗、文意選填,及閱讀測驗;第貳部分占28分,共分為兩種題型:(一)翻譯題,為文意相連貫的兩個小題,每小題4分,共占8分;其評分原則,乃依所評量之語法與詞彙用字兩部分評分。(二)英文作文部分則為看圖作文的題型,以連環漫畫的形式呈現,但第四張圖片空白,讓考生發揮想像力,自由發展;考生必須根據提示,運用所學詞彙、句法寫出切合主題、並具有統一性與連貫性的短文,占分比例一樣維持20分。今年無論是翻譯題或英文作文試題,命題得宜,符合一般高中生的英語學習歷程,考生不難發揮,應會有不錯的表現。

  今年之非選擇題閱卷工作,共聘請150位閱卷委員(含正、副召集人),由各公、私立大學英文相關科系教授擔任,共分為12組。為使各閱卷委員評分標準一致,英文考科於1月31上午九時召開「英文科閱卷評分標準訂定會議」,由正、副召集人和12位協同主持人共同參與,就4000多份隨機抽取的考生答案卷詳加討論、分析,草擬評分標準原則,並從中選出翻譯題與英文作文之參閱卷以及試閱卷。在擬定參考答案的同時,參考各語料庫(如COCA、BNC),確保答案之正確性。

  正式閱卷當天(2月1日)上午九時,各組協同主持人向各組閱卷委員說明評分原則、參考樣卷等資料,旋即進行試閱的工作。試閱結束後,召開「評分標準再訂定會議」,對評分標準進行討論與修正,待評分共識一致後,才開始進行正式閱卷工作。與往年相同,一、二閱由分屬兩個不同組的閱卷委員擔任,若一、二閱分數差距超出許可範圍(翻譯題部分差距達3分,英文作文部分差距達6分),則由第三閱(由正/副召集人或協同主持人擔任)評分,以求閱卷之合理性與公平性。為求評分標準一致性,在閱卷的同時,觀察閱卷委員之評閱情形,若有標準無法掌握之情事,則請閱卷委員停止閱卷的工作,重新檢閱評分標準,再繼續閱卷工作,近一、二年來如此進行之流程後,須進行三閱的情形大幅降低了。

  兹將今年非選擇題部分各題之參考答案、評分標準說明如下(依據「99學年度學科能力測驗人工閱卷英文考科評分標準訂定會議」),以供各界參考。今年國文、英文考科預計於3月19日公佈引導寫作佳作供外界參考,屆時請至大考中心網站查詢。

一、翻譯題

<>  
說明:
  1.請將以下兩題中文譯成正確而通順達意的英文,並將答案寫在「答案卷」上。
  2.請依序作答,並標明題號。每題4分,共8分。

 1. 在過去,腳踏車主要是作為一種交通工具。

 2. 然而,騎腳踏車現在已經成為一種熱門的休閒活動。

  本題型測驗目標為評量考生將中文句子譯成正確、通順、達意英文的能力。今年翻譯題的句型與詞彙,皆為高中生應該熟習的,評量的重點在於考生是否能運用熟悉的字詞(比如:腳踏車bicycle/bike、交通工具a means of transportation、然而however、休閒leisure/recreational、活動activity、主要mainly等)與基本句型翻譯成正確且達意的英文句子(如:served as/were used as、in the past、riding bicycles/bicycle-riding/cycling、has become等的用法)。所測驗之標的詞彙(target words)都屬於大考中心詞彙表四級內之詞彙,考生作答大致無太多的困難。試題之參考答案及評分標準,請見以下說明:

參考答案:第1題


參考答案:第2題

{ }(大括弧)表示皆為可使用之字詞。

評分標準:
1.本大題總分8分,每小題滿分4分。
2.各部份獨立且各為1分;每個錯誤扣0.5分,各部份扣完為止。
3.相同之拼字錯誤只扣一次。
4.句首未大寫或標點符號不妥,各扣0.5分,只扣一次。

二、英文作文

<>  
說明:
  1. 依提示在「答案卷」上寫一篇英文作文。
  2. 文長至少120個單詞(words)。

評分標準:

  本大題總分20分。今年回復到多圖的看圖寫作題型,與去年學測的單圖看圖寫作略有不同,但四格圖片中只畫了三格,並沒有提供結局,希望給考生更多的寫作發揮空間。英文作文主要在於評量考生掌握語法能力及使用適當詞彙、句型以寫出一篇具連貫性、統一性的英文作文。目前,英文科主要採整體式評分(holistic scoring),分為五等級:特優(19-20分)、優(15-18分)、可(10-14分)、差(5-9分)、劣(0-4分);為確認評分之一致性,在試閱時,閱卷委員皆被要求完全理解評分標準。本中心的分項式評分指標包含下列5項:內容(5分)、組織(5分)、文法句構(4分)、字彙拼字(4分),及體例(2分)(詳見表1)。在經過試閱階段的共識建立後,閱卷委員皆能掌握整體的評分方式,因此達成評分的一致性。根據作答說明,文長至少120個字詞,若字數不足,扣1分。

表1:英文作文分項式評分指標

等級
項目

主題(句)清楚切題,並有具體、完整的相關細節支持。

(5-4分)
主題不夠清楚或突顯,部分相關敘述發展不全。

(3分)
主題不明,大部分相關敘述發展不全或與主題無關。

(2-1分)
文不對題或沒寫(凡文不對題或沒寫者,其他各項均以零分計算)。
(0分)

重點分明,有開頭、發展、結尾,前後連貫,轉承語使用得當。
(5-4分)
重點安排不妥,前後發展比例與轉承語使用欠妥。

(3分)
重點不明、前後不連貫。


(2-1分)
全文毫無組織或未按提示寫作。


(0分)




全文幾無文法錯誤, 文句結構富變化。

(4分)
文法錯誤少,且未影響文意之表達。


(3分)
文法錯誤多,且明顯影響文意之表達。

(2-1分)
全文文法錯誤嚴重,導致文意不明。

(0分)




用字精確、得宜,且幾無拼字錯誤。


(4分)
字詞單調、重複,用字偶有不當,少許拼字錯誤,但不影響文意之表達。
(3分)
用字、拼字錯誤多,明顯影響文意之表達。

(2-1分)
只寫出或抄襲與題意有關的零碎字詞。

(0分)

格式、標點、大小寫幾無錯誤。



(2分)
格式、標點、大小寫等有錯誤,但不影響文意之表達。

(1分)
違背基本的寫作體例或格式,標點、大小寫等錯誤甚多。
(0分)

  

Happiness2010/04/12 23:47回覆

http://www.ceec.edu.tw/

In the past( In the old days), bicycles ( bikes) served( were used) mainly ( primarily, chiefly) as a means of transportation.

However( But), riding bicycle ( bicycle riding, cycling, bicycling) has become a popular lesure(recreational) activity today(now, nowadays).

Happiness2010/04/12 23:52回覆

本文節錄自:大學入學考試中心 選才通訊第142期 學測與指考英文作文評分樣例 第一處 游春琪彙整

說明: 1. 依提示在「答案卷」上寫一篇英文作文。
    2. 文長至少120個單詞。

提示:請以"Travel Is The Best Teacher"為主題,寫一篇至少120個字的英文作文。第一段針對文章主題,說明旅行的優點,並在第二段舉自己在國內或國外的旅行經驗,以印證第一段的說明。

樣例

指考編號1:特優-19

Travel Is The Best Teacher

I´ve been to many countries before, and I enjoy my trip very much every time. To me, travel is the best teacher. By traveling, I can always broaden my mind and open my eyes to the things about which I had no idea before; I could also see the things which appeared only in the textbook before and that´s no doubt a wonderful experience.

Last summer, I went to Malaysia with a foundation, I used to consider it to be a poor country, but I was totally shocked at how prosperous it is! So many tall buildings and well-organized communities were right before my eyes! We also had some interaction with the local students. I found their learning attitude very active, which was very different from that of the Taiwanese students.

After my trip to Malaysia, I realized that many countries in Asia are prospering, while Taiwan seems to be going backward. I also remind myself that we should never look down on others, and we should equip ourselves with knowledge and unique perspectives, so that we may be able to be outstanding rather than being overwhelmed by the others. We should be more active in our learning and try to set up our goals.

If I hadn´t been to Malaysia, I wouldn´t have gained so many insights in these things. To me, travel is truly the best teacher.

說明:主題清楚、具體,內容豐富;重點分明、組織完整且連貫。文句結構變化豐富,幾無文法錯誤(稍有時態不一致的錯誤,例第二對的第一句Last summer...foundation後的逗號應為句號。);用字得宜(但第一段第三句中的broaden my mind應為broaden my horizons)。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

5

5

3.5

3.5

2

19

指考編號2::優-17

When you saw the romantic EiffelTower in the movies, or watched the Great Wall of China on TV, have you ever imagined that you could admire such specific constructions on the sense some day? The advantages of traveling is a lot. First, traveling can make us open our eyes, we can see the senery not through the media, but by ourselves. How wonderful that you can appreciate breathtaking senses just in front of them! Second, with the advanced education, we have known a wide variety of knowledges about many countries. Such as history, climate and even customs, but if we never been the places, it is no use to get so many informations.

During the winter vacation this year, I took a trip to Sigapore with my family. This was my first time to go abroad. In those four days, I learned a lot about this lively country, including saw the famous Merlion, visited the Indian temple ... etc. When the guide gave some informations for us at some spots, I could merge them in to the geography class easily, even could answer the questions from the guide. I was proud of that I could use the knowledge in books to the real life!

However, there is a great deal of advantages about traveling, so I sincerely recommend that you should take a travel someday!

說明:主題清楚。組織完整,重點尚分明。文法句構錯誤稍多。但用字、拼字偶有錯誤。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

4.5

4.5

3

3.5

1.5

17

指考編號3:可-13

Travel Is The Best Teacher

Many people like to read books because we can learn a lot of information from it. However, sometimes it´s not enough. For example, when the author described how spectacular the view is, we can´t feel how it is, since we fail to experience it personally. At this moment, all we have to do is go traveling. Only traveling can solve our confusion and satisfy our curious heart. When we go traveling, we can extend our sight, know things that we never know and even learn some lesson from it.

I remember that one time I took a trip to mainland china with my family. We paid a visit to WestLake. The scenery I saw really breathtaking. I liked the lake when I was a child. But I didn´t know how big it was! I was so excited that I ran aroud the lake. The astonishing view was not a book could give me. Suddenly, I saw a person throw a gabage to the lake. How could he do that! It actually broke the impression I used have on the Chinese people. Maybe it was a lesson for me.

說明:主題清楚,但部分相關敘述發展不完整,行文不甚流暢,未能連貫發展。文法及拼字錯誤,已影響部分文意之表達。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

3.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

2

13

指考編號4:可-11

Travel is the best teacher, there are three reasons why I consider it. First, we can see anything what we have never seen by traveling around the world. Second, we can realize how different the culture is between us. Last but not least, we can learn a lot of knowledge by ourselies which it have never appeared from the book.

For example, I have gone to the U.S six years ago. I have seen a lot of insterting things in the U.S. The culture is very different from us. The travel not only make me grow a great deal of knowledge but also let me had a good time there. Because of the travel, I can really see anything what I have never read from the book. In my opinion, I think travel is the best teacher of me.

說明:有主題,但部分相關敘述發展不全。有佈局,但未連貫發展。文法、拼字、用字有不少錯誤,且影響部分文意表達。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

2.5

2.5

2

2

2

11

指考編號5:差-8

Travel Is The Best Teacher

We have many travel expiences in our life, like graduate travel, camp on the mountain, visit museams….etc.Every travel have little or much knowledge in it.Even you think that you just play in traveling, in fact, you learn more about life which you can´t learn in common life.

I have ever gone to Japan once time.I learned many things in the travel.That was my first time to take the plane.I learned what I can do and what I can´t do on the plane.When we got Japan, I found first thing which is different from Taiwan is that their cars and people drive or walk on left.It shocked me because I think that worldwilde.

說明:內容雖提及與主題相關之事物,但未能就主題充分發揮。重點發展不全,第二段結尾不明顯。文法、用字、拼字錯誤多,明顯影響文意之表達。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

2

2

1.5

1.5

1

8

指考編號6:差-5

Travel is The Best Teacher

Travel is very nice.It can help us understand everywhere culture, and to meets different people.And travel also can help us to knew everything.

Have some land is we study is our book.However, somewhere is we can go to travel.We can knew differen culture, people, and life.For example, we go to travel in Japan.We can meets people become friends and chat have something is we not.

I very like to travel.I´m hope I can go to travel every country.

說明:內容太少,細節描述凌亂。全文發展,幾無組織可言。文法、用字、拼字錯誤多,嚴重影響文意表達。字數不足,另扣一分。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

1.5

1.5

1

1

1

5

 指考編號7:劣-4

Travel is the best teacher

Travel is the best teacher for me.First, travel can learn about a contry´s culture.For example, Middle East people don´t eat pig and Westness eat sweet petato.The second, travel can realize yourself and less pressureThe last one, travel can make friend with foriend.When you come home foriend friend will talk you what things happened and we don´t know in oversea first time.

I have a travel in East Taiwan, there have high mountain and good view that use me think about environment and recycle.If we haven´t recycle garbage, we would destroy that good view in East Taiwan.

說明:略涉及主題,但發展不全。雖嘗試用起承轉合詞,但因組織混亂導致文章前後不連貫。因文法、拼字錯誤過多,嚴重影響文意之表達。字數不足,另扣一分。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

1

1

1

1

1

4

 指考編號8:劣-4

Travel Is The Best Teacher

  Travel can see a lot of country and study different educated.Some country have historic site, some country have the religion, and some country have the technology etc.

說明:略提主題,但完全沒有發展,幾無內容可言。文章過短僅二句,無法判斷英文作文的能力。字數不足,另扣一分。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

0.5

0

0.5

0.5

0.5

1

 指考編號9:劣-0

Travel Is The Best Teacher

What tain make me the benefit?It is let me learn more and more folklore, and look the different view in this butiful word.

In my virgin tain.This is the summer vecation in the Japen, Japen are very confrotable, In the every where, You are improstable to find any grabeby.

In fact.I wish go to Japen again, If I can go to Japen in the November to see the rain, I just keep butiful mood in the

說明:文不對題。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

0

0

0

0

0

0

Happiness2010/04/12 23:54回覆

 
 線上英文作文練習軟體
 
 留學題組

 
開始準備留學考試,才發現英文寫作是唯一死穴?
 
埋首苦幹的拼命練習,卻不知道文章問題何在?
 
Criterion線上英文作文練習暨評分軟體,
採用與TOEFL、GRE等考試類似的整體性評分(Holistic Scoring),有效突破你的寫作盲點!
 
帳號制,免下載、免安裝,只需透過網際網路進入網站,
即可使用Criterion進行寫作練習與文章評分。
 
*每個題組使用期限一年,每個題目可練習三次。
 
 
TOEFL topics

               TOEFL 題組A              TOP

1) Living Longer (Expository) 長壽
2) Reasons for Attending College (Expository) 為什麼要上大學 ?
3) Change in Your School (Expository) 如果可以改變你的學校
4) Important Animal (Expository) 最重要的動物
5) Money and Success (Persuasive) 財富與成功
6) Hiring Employees (Persuasive) 員工招募
7) Preferred Source of News (Persuasive) 看新聞或聽新聞
TOEFL 題組B

8) Reducing Pollution (Expository) 污染防治
9) Why Study Abroad? (Expository) 為什麼出國留學?
10) Successful Students (Expository) 成功的學生
11) Show Emotion (Persuasive) 情感表達
12) Playing and Winning (Persuasive) 參賽與獲勝
13) Stay in Hometown or Move (Persuasive) 離開家鄉或留下
14) Plan Children's Free Time (Persuasive) 規劃孩子的休閒時間

TOEFL 題組C

15) Changes in the 21st Century (Expository) 21世紀的變遷
16) Improve Your Community (Expository) 社區發展志工
17) Important Room (Expository) 最重要的房間
18) Prepare for a Trip (Expository) 準備去旅行
19) Group Member or Leader (Persuasive) 組員與組長
20) Learn from Mistakes (Persuasive) 從錯中學
21) Dorm Roommate (Persuasive) 宿舍室友

TOEFL 題組D
22) Moving (Expository) 搬家
23) Resources Disappearing (Expository) 消失的自然資源
24) Films (Expository) 電影
25) New Product (Expository) 開發新產品
26) Young People Teaching Older People (Persuasive) 少者為長者之師 ?
27) Gift of Money (Persuasive) 禮金
28) Change Job or Not (Persuasive) 換工作
TOEFL 題組E
29) Method of Travel (Expository) 旅行的交通工具
30) Land (Expository) 一塊地
31) Change Your Hometown (Expository) 如何改變你的家鄉
32) Important Plant (Expository) 最重要的植物
33) Experience or Books (Persuasive) 經驗或書本
34) Money on Technology (Persuasive) 科技值得投資 ?
35) Preferred Teacher Style (Persuasive) 老師的教學風格

 

GRE topics

              GRE 題組A              TOP

1) Duty of Educators 教育者的責任
2) Higher Education 高等教育
3) Media and Social Values 媒體與社會價值觀
4) Technology and Loneliness 科技與寂寞
5) Scott Woods 史考特樹林
6) Roller Skating 溜冰
7) Silver Screen Movies 銀幕電影製作公司
GRE 題組B
8) Generalists vs. Specialists 通才與專家
9) Best Ideas 靈感
10) Declining Environment 環境的衰敗
11) Wisdom 智慧
12) Speed Limits in Forestville Forestville的速限
13) Smile Bright Smile Bright牌牙膏
14) University of Claria Claria大學

 

商學題組(GMAT 考生適用)

            商學題組A - College Level I           TOP

1) Long Hours, More Perks (Persuasive) 工時越長福利越多
2) CEO Salaries (Persuasive) 總執行長的薪水
3) Retirement Age (Persuasive) 退休年齡
4) Maternity Leave (Persuasive) 育嬰假
5) Advertising and Obesity (Persuasive) 廣告與肥胖
6) Corporate Criminals (Persuasive) 法人犯罪
7) Do Not Call (Persuasive) 電話行銷反制
8) Surfing at Work (Persuasive) 邊上網邊上班
9) Management by Objectives (Persuasive) 工作目標管理
10) The Four P's (Persuasive) 產品行銷的四個P
商學題組B - College Level I

11) Data Mining (Persuasive) 顧客消費紀錄
12) Team Building (Persuasive) 團隊工作
13) Customer Service (Persuasive) 員工與顧客
14) Net Gain (Persuasive) 雙贏
15) Smoke Out (Persuasive) 請勿吸菸
16) Shorter Weeks (Persuasive) 縮短工時
17) Dress for Success (Persuasive) 成功穿衣術
18) Company Loyalty (Persuasive) 公司忠誠度
19) The Electronic Office (Persuasive) 辦公室電子化
20) Choosing a Job (Persuasive) 挑選工作

商學題組C - College Level II

1) The Customer Is Always Right (Persuasive) 顧客至上
2) Caveat Emptor (Persuasive) 網路消費者保護法
3) Robber Barons (Persuasive) 搶錢大亨
4) Focus (Persuasive) 專心致志
5) Setting Salaries (Persuasive) 薪資準則
6) A Reflection on Society (Persuasive) 廣告反映現實 ?
7) Bad for You (Persuasive) 有害無益
8) Internet Shopping (Persuasive) 網路購物
9) Blow the Whistle? (Persuasive) 員工紀律
10) Model Company (Persuasive) 模範企業

商學題組D - College Level II
11) Holiday Parties (Persuasive) 節目慶祝會
12) The Harm in Charity (Persuasive) 慈善事業之惡
13) Protective Governments (Persuasive) 經濟保護政策
14) Salary and Satisfaction (Persuasive) 薪資與工作滿意度
15) Free Mail (Persuasive) 電子郵件收費制度
16) The Lone Superpower (Persuasive) 孤獨的經濟龍頭
17) The Business of Politics (Persuasive) 企業經營與執政
18) Forgotten Jobs (Persuasive) 被遺忘的產業
19) Protect or Change? (Persuasive) 本土勞力與外勞
20) High Oil Prices (Persuasive) 油價攀高
商學題組E - College Level I & II
1) Surfing at Work (Persuasive) 邊上網邊上班
2) Management by Objectives (Persuasive) 工作目標管理
3) The Four P's (Persuasive) 產品行銷的四個P
4) Data Mining (Persuasive) 顧客消費紀錄
5) Team Building (Persuasive) 團隊工作
6) Setting Salaries (Persuasive) 薪資準則
7) A Reflection on Society (Persuasive) 廣告反映現實 ?
8) Salary and Satisfaction (Persuasive) 薪資與工作滿意度
9) Free Mail (Persuasive) 電子郵件收費制度
10) The Business of Politics (Persuasive) 企業經營與執政

 

              SAT  topics            TOP

1) Coping with Hostility (Expository) 敵意或憤怒情緒的管理
2) Different Worldviews (Expository) 不同的世界觀
3) Resisting a Popular Viewpoint (Expository) 獨排眾議
4) Difficult Undertaking (Expository) 艱難的工作
5) Insight Through Crisis (Expository) 危機中的真實自我
6) One Major Change (Expository) 重大的轉變
7) Changing Attitudes (Expository) 改變態度
8) Holidays (Expository) 節慶日
9) Doing Things We Don't Enjoy (Expository) 不喜歡卻仍然要做的一件事
10) High-School Jobs (Expository) 高中生打工

http://www.iwriting.com.tw/aboutus.jsp?type=4

Happiness2010/04/12 23:56回覆

 

AmEnglish 為 ETS 發展學習軟體的長期合作夥伴,其所推出的三種線上英語學習軟體係專為母語非英語人士所設計,透過互動式網頁提供大量課程與練習題,針對發音、寫作、慣用語三大領域強化您的聽力、文法與閱讀能力。

Writing in English以清楚易懂的圖解方式說明文法概念,不同於一般枯燥乏味的文法書,讓您學習文法不再感到無聊;有效提升您的英文信件、文章書寫能力。是下一代 New TOEIC  TOEFL iBT 寫作測驗的基本練習工具。

產品學習內容包含:

1.  Verbs  動詞
2.  Parts of a Sentence  句子結構中的各部分
3.  Using Verbs in Sentences  在句子中使用動詞
4.  Problems With Gerunds and Infinitives  動名詞與不定詞的問題
5.  Writing Accurate Sentences  寫出精確的句子
6.  Linking Sentences  句子的連結
7.  Clarity  清晰的文思

http://www.iwriting.com.tw/aboutus.jsp?id=56&type=4 Happiness2010/04/12 23:58回覆

Criterion能完整檢視您的文章,並提供五大類39小項全面性診斷式分析報告(Diagnostic Feedback)。診斷式分析報告可以指出文章中的錯誤,並且用色塊標示出您的文章架構完整性。

Criterion提供的五大類文章分析項目為:

一. Grammar文法
Fragment or Missing Comma 不完整的句子
Run-on Sentences 缺乏連接詞或標點符號的長句  
Garbled Sentences 混淆的句子  
Subject-Verb Agreement 主動詞不一致  
Ill-formed Verbs 動詞時態錯誤  
Pronoun Errors 代名詞的錯誤  
Possessive Errors 所有格的錯誤  
Wrong or Missing Word 錯誤或是遺漏的字  
Proofread This! 校對
二. Usage慣用法
Wrong Article 冠詞錯誤  
Missing or Extra Article 冠詞誤用  
Confused Words 易混淆字  
Wrong Form of Word 錯誤的詞類  
Faulty Comparisons 比較級誤用  
Preposition Error 介係詞的錯誤  
Nonstandard Verb or Word Form 不標準的動詞或用字
三. Mechanics技巧
Spelling拼字  
Missing Initial Capital Letter in a Sentence 句首字母大寫  
Missing Question Mark 遺漏問句  
Missing Final Punctuation 遺漏句號  
Missing Apostrophe 遺漏縮寫符號  
Missing Comma 遺漏逗號  
Missing Hyphen 遺漏連字號  
Fused Words 連字  
Compound Words 複合名詞  
Duplicate Words 重複字
四. Style文體風格
Repetition of Words 重複用字  
Inappropriate Words or Phrases 不恰當的字詞使用  
Sentences Beginning with Coordinating Conjunctions 以對等連接詞為首的句子
Too Many Short Sentences 太多短句  
Too Many Long Sentences 太多長句  
Passive Voice 被動式
五. Organization & Development組織與發展
Introductory Material 前言  
Thesis Statement 主體  
Main Ideas 主要論點   
Supporting Ideas 支持的論點   
Conclusion 結論   
Transitional Words and Phrases 轉折字與片語   
Other 其他
Happiness2010/04/13 00:00回覆
2樓. Apple Blossom
2010/04/11 21:09
two more...

Addint two to the list:

1. You're and Your

2. Committee, e.g. the Safety Committee members

Also, note the pronunciation of "Receipt": p is silent here. I've heard so many people pronounce this word wrong.

Apple

Thanks for your precious feedback. Really USEFUL. Happiness2010/04/11 21:11回覆
1樓. Happiness
2010/04/11 09:08
I am thinking of using cards to help students write easier and better.

Crdit cards, poker cards, postcards, ID cards, health insurance cards, ...........lots of cards in life, how about cards for better and easier writing???

  1. How-to writing
  2. Expository writing
  3. Persuasive
  4. Descriptive with sensory details
  5. Compare and contrast
  6. Iinformative
  7. Narrative & letters
  8. Poetry

Essential styles

Writing for different purpose

Writing process folder (Pre-writing, Draft, Revise, Edit, Publish)

Assessments

Rebrics

Example/ Sample Writing

Writing activity ( How to generate writing ideas?? Thought-provoking pockets with idea cards, key words, fun facts, illustrated context cues, themed topics, sequencing cards, unscramble sentences, practice punctuation, practice capitalization, use descriptive words, sequence sentences, grammar and usage, correct/ edit mistake, makeing connection, finding cause and effect...)

List of Writing Topics

Five quotes for each topic

Helpful Word List

Useful Checklist--(Revising checklist, Editing Checklist, Drafting Checklist, Teacher's Conference Checklist, Peer Conference Checklist, Word Bank Journal, Kid-friendly reference & information, tips for forming plural nouns, past-tense verbs,)

Parts of speech ( color-coded)

Punctuation cards

Grammar hints

Sentence structure

Word list with essential story elements ( characters, setting, events, conclusion--> Children flip through the cards to choose the elements for their own stories, Fill in the details, use context clues, visual prompts,

Overused words

Commonly misspelled words,

Boring words---> Interesting words

Happiness2010/04/11 09:35回覆
Crdit cards--> credit cards Happiness2010/04/11 10:38回覆
DescribingComparing ContrastingClassifyingSequencingCausalDecision Making

Webbing
Brainstorming Web

Money Web
Double Cell DiagramHierarchy Diagram

Research Cycle Cluster Diagram

Desktop Folder System
Squirrels Web

Concept Mapping
Concept MapSimile - School is..

Matrix
Venn

Venn Expanded

Comparison Matrix
KWHLThinking grids

Flow Chart
Desktop Folder System
Linear String

Expanded Linear String

Dominoe Effect


Some more forms: Clock, Cluster/Word Web, Describing Wheel, E-Chart, Fact and Opinion, Five W's Chart, Flow Chart, Four-Column Chart, Garden Gate, Goal-Reasons Web, Hierarchy chart, Ice-Cream Cone, Idea Rake, Idea Wheel, , Inverted Triangle, ISP Chart, KWHL Chart, KWL Chart, KWS Chart, Ladder, Observation Chart, Persuasion Map, Planning Chart, Problem Solution Chart, Progress Report, Sandwich, Sense Chart, Sequence Chart, Spider Map, Step-by-Step Chart, Story Map 1, T-Chart, Think-Pair-Share, Ticktacktoe, Time Line, Time-Order Chart, Tree Chart, Venn Diagram.

Graphic organizers are valuable tools for teaching/instruction. Unlike others, graphic organizers demonstrate a felxibility and endlessness in choices of use. A common trait is their ability to show the order and completeness of the student's thought process - how s/he understands becomes clearly evident. Using a range of graphic organizers shows both the close-up and the larger picture. Since many graphic organizers use short words or phrases, they are ideal for many types of learners including those for whom English as a second language.

One of the challenges that teachers often face in the classroom .....has been proven to aid the understanding of the curriculum thereby providing the teacher much needed support. Benefits include ... and comprehension skills and increasing vocabulary and language skills. With the use of these tools, teachers are able to affect .. in all related learning areas.  More at squidoo.com/graphicorganizers and here.

Happiness2010/04/11 23:06回覆
Spelling errors resulting from a confusion in meaning (e.g. to/two/too) are covered in the Dictionary of Usage (45Kb). Acceptable alternatives are indicated in brackets.

  • misspelled
  • absence
  • accidentally
  • accommodate
  • achievement
  • acknowledge
  • acquire
  • adolescence
  • aggressive
  • amateur
  • analysis
  • analyze
  • anxious
  • apparent
  • appearance
  • approximately
  • athlete
  • attendant
  • auxiliary
  • believe
  • benefited
  • business
  • caricature
  • cemetery
  • changeable
  • character
  • committee
  • comparatively
  • conceivable
  • condemn
  • conscience
  • conscientious
  • conscious
  • consistent
  • constant
  • continuous
  • counsellor (counselor)
  • courteous
  • criticism
  • curiosity
  • curriculum
  • deceive
  • definite
  • desirable
  • desperate
  • disappear
  • disastrous
  • discipline
  • dilemma
  • dissatisfied
  • doesn't
  • ecstasy
  • eighth
  • embarrass
  • environment
  • erroneous
  • exaggerate
  • excellent
  • exhilaration
  • exist
  • existence
  • fallacy
  • familiar
  • fascinating
  • feudal
  • fictitious
  • finally
  • forcibly
  • foreign
  • forfeit
  • forty
  • fulfill (fulfil)
  • government
  • governor
  • grammar
  • guarantee
  • guidance
  • height
  • humorous
  • humour
  • hypocrisy
  • immediately
  • incidentally
  • independent
  • indispensable
  • intelligence
  • irrelevant
  • irresistible
  • kindergarten
  • knowledge
  • laboratory
  • lieutenant
  • maneuver (manoeuvre)
  • marriage
  • meant
  • medieval
  • millionaire
  • minuscule
  • mischievous
  • monastery
  • mysticism
  • necessary
  • niece
  • ninety
  • ninth
  • noticeable
  • nucleus
  • occasion(ally)
  • occur
  • occurred
  • occurrence
  • omission
  • omitted
  • opinion
  • opportunity
  • outrageous
  • parallel
  • perceive
  • perform
  • permanent
  • permissible
  • perseverance
  • peruse
  • pilgrimage
  • playwright
  • possession
  • preceding
  • prejudice
  • prevalent
  • primitive
  • privilege
  • proceed
  • professor
  • pronounce
  • pronunciation
  • psychiatry
  • psychology
  • pursue
  • queue
  • questionnaire
  • realize
  • receive
  • recommend
  • referring
  • relevant
  • religious
  • reminisce
  • repetition
  • resistance
  • restaurant
  • rhythm
  • ridiculous
  • sacrilegious
  • schedule
  • schism
  • secretary
  • seize
  • sensible
  • separate
  • sergeant
  • shepherd
  • shining
  • siege
  • similar
  • souvenir
  • strength
  • success
  • supercede
  • suppress
  • synonym
  • temperament
  • thorough
  • tragedy
  • truly
  • twelfth
  • tyranny
  • unnecessary
  • vacuum
  • vengeance
  • villain
  • weird
  • writing
Happiness2010/04/11 21:32回覆

The UVic Writer's Guide

Planning, Organizing, and Presenting Essays


Writing As A Process

Types of Essays

Writing Your Essay: Getting Started

Writing Your Essay: Organizing It

Writing Your Essay: Getting It Down

Proofreading and Presenting Your Essay

Doing A Research Essay

Doing Exam Essays

Common Problems Writing Essays

Some Sample Essays To Look At


[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


Developing and Ordering Paragraphs


Developing The Paragraph

The Functions of Paragraphs

Paragraph Order

Paragraph Transitions

 


[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


Writing Clear Sentences


Some Things To Do

Capitalization

Using Hyphens

Using Apostrophes

Some Things To Avoid

A Summary of Common Errors


[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


Choosing and Using Words


Usage

A Dictionary of Usage

Gender Inclusive Language

Spelling


[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


Acknowledging Your Sources

General Stategies

Bibliographies

Quoting Material In Your Work

Acknowledging Sources In Your Text (Parenthetical Citation)

Footnotes

Citing Books

Citing Articles

Citing Miscellaneous Sources

Citing Internet Sources


[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


Literary and Rhetorical Terms (By Category)


Narrative Genres

Rhetorical Language

Figures Of Speech Or Rhetorical Figures (Schemes)

Figures Of Thought (Tropes)

Poetic Tools


[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


General Literary Terms (Alphabetically)



[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


Preparing Summaries



[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


Presenting Arguments Logically



[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


Knowing The Basics of Grammar


A Grammar Glossary


[Essays] [Paragraphs] [Sentences] [Words] [Sources] [Literary Terms Alphabetically] [Literary Terms By Category] [Summaries] [Logic] [Grammar] [Marking Symbols]


Marking Symbols and Grades


Happiness2010/04/11 21:33回覆
Conventions

____My paragraphs are sound.

____Each of my paragraphs has one main idea.

____I have used correct grammar.

____I have used correct punctuation.

____Periods are at the end of my sentences.

____I have quotation marks around dialogue.

____My spelling is correct.

____My handwriting is legible.

Fluency

____My sentences begin in different ways.

____My sentences build upon the ones before.

____My sentences are different lengths.

____The meaning of each of my sentences is clear.

____My sentences flow and use correct grammar.

____There are no run-ons.

____My sentences are complete.

Organization

____My report is sequenced in order.

____My introduction is exciting and inviting.

____My ideas flow and are well connected.

____I have a satisfying conclusion.

Capitalization

____I have capitalized the first word in each sentence.

____I have capitalized people and pet names.

____I have capitalized months and days.

____I have capitalized cities, states, and places.

____I have capitalized titles of books, movies, et cetera.

Word Choice

____Every word seems just right.

____I used a lot of describing words.

____My words paint pictures in the reader's mind.

____I used strong verbs like darted and exclaimed.

____I used synonyms to add variety.

Ideas

____I used a graphic organizer to create and organize ideas.

____My ideas are written in my own words.

____My report is clear and focused.

____I understand my topic.

____My details give the reader important information.

____My ideas relate to one another.

____I have listened to suggestions from the teacher or peers.

Happiness2010/04/11 22:10回覆

http://www.teachervision.fen.com/essays/vocabulary/1938.html?detoured=1

Essay Keywords

Every essay question will generally contain a key word that tells you what kind of answer your teacher wants. Here is a list of some key words commonly found in essay questions:

Analyze

Separate out the parts and show how they relate to the whole. For example, whether you are asked to analyze a poem, story, or play, you will need to look at individual elements such as point of view, setting, characters, plot, imagery or symbolism, and motifs or themes. See how each of these elements contributes to the overall meaning of the work.


Argue

Give reasons for or against. Be sure to use specific examples to back up your points.


Compare and contrast

These words often appear together but not always. If you are asked to compare, show the similarities and the differences. If you are asked to contrast, show only the differences.


Describe

Write about a subject in detail, often so that the reader gets a clear mental picture or image of what you are describing.


Discuss

Write about a subject in detail, giving reasons and examples.


Summarize

State the main ideas briefly, leaving out specific examples.

Happiness2010/04/11 22:15回覆

http://cuip.uchicago.edu/%7Emmanning/2001/practice.htm

Student Assessment Form

Where will you search for ideas?

What will be the topic of your writing?