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「性的騷擾」和「非性的騷擾」Examples of Sexual and Non-Sexual Harassment
2017/12/14 18:48

承好友醉夢及 Sapphire 賜教,修改原文後重貼。謹此致歉!



承好友醉夢Horace 留言:本文敘述主要是談騷擾包括「性的騷擾」「非性的騷擾」。不過最好還是請陸游兄簡單摘要分享。


(註)性騷擾 ~~ 中西文化大不同



「性的騷擾」和「非性的騷擾」Examples of Sexual and Non-Sexual Harassment


By Alison Doyle

Updated June 14, 2017

What is considered sexual harassment at work? And how does it differ from non-sexual harassment? Sexual harassment性的騷擾 in the workplace is a form of discrimination and includes any uninvited comments, conduct, or behavior regarding sex, gender, or sexual orientation. (包括任何涉及「性」,「性別」,或「有關於性」,而未被「受害人」要求的評論,動作,或行為。)

Sexual vs. Non-Sexual Harassment

Even though it's the type of harassment that is most often reported, harassment in the workplace and in hiring isn't limited to sexual harassment.

Other actions regarding religion, race, age, gender, or skin color(註:其它涉及宗教信仰,種族,年齡,性別,或膚色的行為,也可能被視為「非性的騷擾」), for example, can also be considered harassment if they interfere with an employee's success or conjure a hostile work environment.

Examples of Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

Whether the offense is made by a manager, co-worker, or even a non-employee like a client, contractor, or vendor, if the conduct creates a hostile work environment or interrupts an employee's success, it is considered unlawful sexual harassment.

Sexual harassment isn't limited to making inappropriate advances. In fact, sexual harassment includes any unwelcome verbal or physical behavior that creates a hostile work environment.

Here are some examples of sexual harassment in the workplace and information on how to handle it if you have been harassed at work.

    • Sharing sexually inappropriate images or videos, such as pornography, with co-workers
    • Sending suggestive letters, notes, or e-mails

    • Displaying inappropriate sexual images or posters in the workplace
    • Telling lewd jokes, or sharing sexual anecdotes
    • Making inappropriate sexual gestures
    • Staring in a sexually suggestive or offensive manner, or whistling
    • Making sexual comments about appearance, clothing, or body parts (對觀感,衣著,或身體部位,作有關於「性」的評述。)
    • Inappropriate touching, including pinching, patting, rubbing, or purposefully brushing up against another person

    • Asking sexual questions, such as questions about someone's sexual history or their sexual orientation
    • Making offensive comments about someone's sexual orientation or gender identity (有關「性別」的「攻擊性評論」)(註:這點是當年我的 partner 及院內同仁覺得意外的,差異即在於「攻擊性評論」的認定。例如,我沒有惡意,而她覺得自己的尊嚴被侵犯。這點的爭議空間極大,也是雙方律師可能賺大錢的領域。)

These are just a few examples of sexual harassment. Any sexual action that creates a hostile work environment is considered sexual harassment, and the victim of the harassment may not be just the target of the offense, but anyone who is affected by the inappropriate behavior.

Should you feel like you have been harmed by sexual harassment in the workplace, there are steps you can take to file a harassment claim with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). In order to successfully file such a claim, however, you have to be able to prove that a) your employer tried to correct the harassing behavior; and b) that the employee responsible for the harassment refused to cease and desist.

Thus, it is vital that you first report the harassment to your employer’s human resources department as well as taking detailed notes of the dates, times, and nature of the incidents. If attempts to remediate the situation fail, you must file your claim with the EEOC within 180 days by mail, in person, or by calling 800-669-4000.

Examples of Non-Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

Behavior such as making racist or negative comments can be construed as workplace harassment. Offensive gestures, drawings, or clothing also constitute harassment. You should address this sort of workplace bullying in the same way that you would sexual harassment – by reporting it to human resources and, if nothing is done, by filing a harassment claim with the EEOC.

Instances of workplace harassment include discrimination such as:

    • Making negative comments about an employee's personal religious beliefs, or trying to convert them to a certain religious ideology
    • Using racist slang, phrases, or nicknames
    • Making remarks about an individual's skin color or other ethnic traits
    • Displaying racist drawings, or posters that might be offensive to a particular group

    • Making offensive gestures
    • Making offensive reference to an individual's mental or physical disability
    • Sharing inappropriate images, videos, e-mails, letters, or notes in an offensive nature
    • Offensively talking about negative racial, ethnic, or religious stereotypes
    • Making derogatory age-related comments
    • Wearing clothing that could be offensive to a particular ethnic group

Non-sexual harassment isn't limited to these examples. Non-sexual harassment includes any comment, action, or type of behavior that is threatening, insulting, intimidating or discriminatory and upsets the workplace environment.

It's Important to Know the Rules

When you're job searching, it's important to know that rules apply as to what employers can and cannot ask, related to some of the harassment examples listed above.

During an interview, employers should not be asking about your race, gender, religion, marital status, age, disabilities, ethnic background, country of origin, sexual preferences, or age. If this happens, it should serve as a red flag that you may not want to pursue your candidacy with this employer.

Related Articles: How to Handle Workplace Harassment Issues | Examples of Employment Discrimination 

出處:Examples of Sexual and Non-Sexual Harassment




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迴響(2) :
2樓. pnv
2017/12/16 12:44
感謝賜予佳言!正如所說,先決條件是成為「知者」,因為惹禍常出於不知「道上的規矩」(引用自電影:「天地英雄」,哈哈哈)。祝週末愉快! 馮紀游陸游:漫長當下2017/12/16 18:13回覆
1樓. 雪霏兒_Sapphire
2017/12/14 21:53



加拿大的確走在前面,40年前有位後進同事(白人)是剛從英國文學系畢業不久的新手,對化學幾乎一竅不通。次年,我調升其它聯邦政府部門;五年後從再調升的職務上往訪該部門,這位「老友」竟然升至主管該部門的 chief (主任?).... 只要能力夠就有出頭天。 馮紀游陸游:漫長當下2017/12/14 22:45回覆