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★★淚水交織而成的報告★★
2013/04/13 05:22
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晚上十一點了,早該上床睡覺的天藍卻還坐在書桌前敲電腦,
他不是在打遊戲(這是他娘絕對不允許的沒有意義又浪費時間的活動),他是在寫功課。
但他也不是像童年那首歌中所說的:「總是要等到睡覺前才知道功課只做了一點點」,
天藍聽到這首歌的這句歌詞時,他笑了,然後軋釘截鐵地說他絕對不是這種迷糊的小孩,
夜深了卻還在做功課是因為他寫太多了!!!

早在一個多月前老師就發下這學期的作業重點是有關「加拿大原住民文化」的研究報告,
為了寫報告我陪天藍去圖書館找資料,也特別開放電腦的使用權讓他搜集不足的資訊。
天藍做報告的方法是先閱讀相關資料,消化成自己的語言之後,再分門別類的輸入電腦之中;
因為老師要的報告是手寫版的,所以天藍還得把打進電腦的文字給抄下來。
老實說,這真是個秏時的工作,為了這個報告,他每天幾乎都要坐在電腦前一兩個小時,
我實在擔心這樣對他的視力會有傷害,總適時地提醒他要休息一下,還要他要精簡報告內容,
但他總以:「沒有妳想得那麼簡單」來回答我。

老師要他們分兩次把報告內容給繳上,可能怕小朋友漫不經心沒有做功課,
她甚至還發了Email給所有的家長要督促小朋友如期繳回報告。
星期二天藍輕鬆地按規定繳回了第一份,然後,他又開始補強星期五要繳的第二份,
又是在電腦前不停地敲打編寫。。。
怕他實在寫太多,收不了尾,報告繳不出來,所以不時問他進度為何?
雖然他老說「差不多了」,但看他那副還在全神貫注的敲打讓我不免心生懷疑。

果然,就要繳報告了,早該結束的作業,他還在作;
可是身體的疲累讓他實在撐不下去,身心不能配合的他邊寫邊哭,
我知道這時候說什麼也於事無補,只能以陪伴來表達我的支持,
不過嘴上還是要叨唸幾句的:「早就告訴你要量力而為,知道你想寫很多,但你要會控制時間呀!」
還好,眼睛還沒哭腫之前,天藍終於完成報告。

應該是睡前的刺激太大,天藍這一晚有幾次在夢裡以中英文並用的叫囂和哭泣,
沒有叫醒他,只是在暗中牽著他的手,希望手心傳過去的母愛能讓他平靜下來。

早餐時,天藍為了自己能在最後時刻完成報告而慶幸不已,
我想順勢來個機會教育,希望他不要「好了瘡疤忘了痛」。
於是問他:「你們班有人寫這麼多的嗎?」 「沒有呀?」
「那就對了呀,你不能什麼都要寫,人家都知道不要寫那麼多,這次得到教訓了吧!」
「我下次還是要寫這麼多!」蝦米?我有沒有聽錯呀?
「為什麼?」就算再怎麼知子莫若母,我仍然不得不問這一句。
「因為我是Tienlan Sun!」

好吧,如果你堅持要打響你的名號,我也無話可說了。。。

昨晚趕出來的。




以下是他「寫太多」的報告。

Plain Aboriginals

Environment

Geography:  Plain Aboriginals live throughout a vast territory that goes from southern Manitoba and the Mississippi river westwards into the rocky mountains, and from the North Saskatchewan southwards into the American border. They need all that space because they like to keep a variety of things. For example they won’t hunt too many buffalos in one area so when they came back to that area there should be still a lot of buffalos left. Flat lands cover the plains with a few hills in each direction. Tall grass, cactus and sage cover the flat lands.  Flowing eastward, rivers have cut deeply into the land, and the rivers are the only source of available water.

Climate and Weather:  The weather that the Plain Aboriginals has is... clear skies and a lot of growing season*, and it doesn’t rain a lot. But in the winter that is different.  Winds are fierce and it is as cold being in a refrigerator, but they had preserved a lot of food preparing for the winter so they wouldn’t go low on food and starve. 


Shelter

Housing:   The Plain Aboriginals live in teepees. They do that because they travel a lot and a teepee is easy to make and the materials are easy to carry for traveling around. And this is how they made a teepee. They put three poles as a base, then they would add on poles to the three original poles when all the poles are standing tall. The shape of the teepee should be a cone. At last, they would put on the wrapping. They wrap the poles with moose skin and buffalo robe. An opening at the top of the teepee allows breeze to carry the smoke from the central fireplace. About seven people could live in one teepee. Inside the teepee they sleep on dried grass and cover themselves with buffalo robes. The women made eating utensils out of buffalo horns and wood.

Clothing:   Did you know clothing were sometimes inspired by dreams and vision?! The women prepare the hides, and the clothing and moccasins*.  Women wear dresses and short leggings. Every moccasin*  is laced up with leather ties. Warrior’s breastplates are made out of bone or shells, and shields are made out of hide. Their coats are made out of deerskin , moose hide, or buffalo hide. In wars chiefs wear the eagle headdress with pride, usually with the feathers leaned downwards. 

food

Gathering:   The Plain Aboriginals rely on all their land for

food. The berries are picked when in season, some are eaten when served with the dishes, and others are dried and eaten over the winter.

Hunting:   Did you know that animal disguises are use to get close to animal when the man/men are hunting because, if the man/men couldn’t get close enough to the animal there would be no effective use for bows and arrows. The Plain Aboriginals use a lot of weapons including coup sticks. The coup sticks are used for proving bravery, they proved their bravery by touching an enemy with a coup stick as if saying “ come on fight with me! ”. Tomahawks are used like axes, as well as a peace offering, and there is a similar type of weapon named a “pipe tomahawk” because, a pipe tomahawk can be used as a weapon and for smoking tobacco. The arrows... the points are smaller than a spears, these are used for long range but great strength is needed, and the hunters always remember that a arrow doesn't glide forever!

Cooking:   When men hunt the women doesn’t just stand there and do nothing, the women are busy doing all the housework! The work that the women do in particular is preserving foods and cooking for the other family members. The most disgusting part of cooking is plucking out the hairs and feathers, not a single hair or feather was allowed to stick out of the animal when being served. Each time women cook it would take about an hour or so for the whole thing to be finished. The men sometimes chop down trees for firewood when they are not hunting. Some meat is eaten right after being cooked, but some meat is sliced up and sun-dried and preserved for the winter. Deer meat is eaten immediately or dried to preserve* for the winter. 


Transportation

Things Plain Aboriginals Used:    When the Plain Aboriginals are moving from one place to another they put their belongings on a travois. A travois is basically two poles that cross at the top and tied together, attached to a netting, wooden frame, or a platform made out of anything with a pocket on top. A travois could be pulled by either people, horses or dogs. The Plain Aboriginals use snowshoes for winter traveling. Caribou hide* is cut into strips and laced through the frame and is the webbing.

Horses: Horses are a great help to the Plain Aboriginals. Horses can carry five times more than a dog, so lots of things could be put on a horse for the horse to carry. A good horse makes hunting easier and traveling far distances reality. A horse travois lets the horse carry lots more things than before. Horses let the Plain Aboriginals usually carry all their possessions. Marvellously done horses!!!

Culture

Beliefs: Plain Aboriginals believe in a Great Spirit. The Great Spirit had control over everything-animals trees, weather, everything in nature, and everything people need to survive. Visions and dreams are believed to be given by spirits. The Sun, has great control, too.The Sun has the power to give light and warmth and most importantly our lives!

When an animal is killed, there would be a prayer or offering to the dead animal.

Dream catchers, sort dreams, the nightmares got trapped in the webbing, the good dreams flowed through the dream catcher. A dream catcher is made from a hoop of bent willow with a webbing of sinew. Dream catchers are hung near a babies cradleboard or peoples sleeping area.

Medicine bundles are very precious possessions. They represent a person’s spiritual life, and possess  powers for protection and healing. Medicine bundles might contain an unusual rock, strand of hair, a feather, bird’s beak, animal skin or hide, or sweetgrass or something the owner of the medicine bundle might think is special to them.

The Medicine Man (Shaman) : A medicine man is a powerful, and wise person, with a lot of knowledge about healing and spirits. A medicine man heals the sick and ill people, interprets* dreams and visions and other things sent from the great spirit, and leads parts of ceremonies. He prays to the Great Spirit, decides when to hunt, tries to change the weather, and foretells the future. The medicine man is always called upon if somebody got hurt or ill, and he smokes tobacco. There is always a medicine woman that really knows which herbs and plants to use for healing, those plants are collected and stored in little wood containers, and they’re usually used to treat illnesses, such as coughing, fevers, and headaches.

Ceremonies: Ceremonies are important to the Plain Aboriginals. One of the most important ceremony is the one to honor the Great Spirit. Some ceremonies are held to name a baby, others are to celebrate a boy first hunt, or marriage. Another kind of ceremony, a “powwow”, is a time when tribes get together to sing, dance, feast, pray and storytell. ).The music performed at powwows is performed by a group of four to twelve men who sit in a circle around a large bass drum that is turned on its side.  

Dancing and Singing: The Sun dance is to honor the Sun. Different tribes have a different way to dance the Sun dance. Dancing is performed in ceremonies, and taught to children. They dance like they are tap dancing, only even faster! Singers usually sang while preforming. Sometimes, they would sing for other dancers. Songs are usually sang by more than one person.      

Music: The main piece of music to the Plain Aboriginals are the drums. Heavy drum beats represent the heartbeat of Mother Earth. Drums are mostly used at powwows by men or women. The beat of the drum calls out the Great Spirit. Drums are made from birch bark frames covered with deer skin. They are pounded with the players hand or with a mallet. Drums are used to keep beat while people sang and and danced . 

Sports: The Plain Aboriginals play sports that require focus, skill ,and dexterity. One of the sports is the pole in the hoop game, which is played throughout the region in a great amount of versions. The hoop is hung by a tree, and the rope is cut as the contestants (two men) try to throw the poles through the hoop at the time as the hoops are falling. “Shinny”, played with a curved wooden bat and a wooden or buckskin ball. Shinny is particularly a woman's game, although it is also played by men and sometimes men against women. The objective is to knock the ball through the opponent's goal. Foot races are also common, for a man, the winner is always a successful warrior and hunter.

Games: The young boys of the tribe play an easier version of  shinny. The game is like floor hockey but it is way less fancier. They just put two rocks as the post, and use sticks laying on the ground, similar to the sticks in shinny. And if they couldn’t find one they just picked branches off trees, the ball would probably be a part of a tree trunk carved into a sphere* shape. The young girls make smaller versions of teepees to imitate their parents, they would also make dolls made out of buckskin.


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迴響(3) :
3樓. alice lin
2013/04/15 14:46
認真
好認真的小孩,努力的寫著,期許自己達到自己的要求,值得嘉獎的小孩
房屋土地貸款alice

我本來是要拍他邊寫邊哭的,讓他做個紀念,

可是又覺得這樣太殘忍了,所以也就只以文字來做記錄就好。

這小子是有點完美主義,我得開始注意給他多在這方面的開導。

溫哥華的天藍2013/04/20 04:55回覆
2樓. 冒煙
2013/04/13 23:42
等著瞧.....

小可愛天藍將來一定是個

-------大氣天藍!

妳無疑是背後最有力的推手,

辛苦了!!

這小子以後會不會變大氣我不知道,

但如果大氣是要從小氣蛻變而成,

那這小子還真有希望唷!無言....

溫哥華的天藍2013/04/20 04:48回覆
1樓. 寄居者
2013/04/13 06:49
花了我快十分鐘讀完他的英文報告。

叫台灣的大學生來寫,都未必寫得有他好。

有些原住民用的東西,像travois,可能要有圖片才容易懂。

Overall, a very well written and thorough report. I'll be surprised if he doesn't receive good comments from the teacher.

哇~謝謝妳還花時間來讀天藍的報告。

不曉得是不是老師有特別交代?

天藍這次的報告倒是完全沒有用圖片,這和以往的方法有很大的不同。

說到travois,我也是聽兒子解釋給我聽才知道那是什麼碗糕咧!哩

活到老,學到老。

溫哥華的天藍2013/04/20 04:52回覆