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中國拓展一帶一路10年有成照片集錦. OBOR SO GRAET FROM CHINA
2023/10/30 14:02
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Chinas industrial production growth at lowest in 17.5 years

一帶一路前途錦,  中期長期發展好 .

宏圖大展在今朝,  紅星照耀全世界..

The Belt, the Road, and Latin America - Foreign Policy Research Institute..

China’s One Belt One Road (OBOR) project was late in coming to Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). First announced by President Xi Jinping in 2013, OBOR, later renamed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), did not arrive in the LAC until 2018, when, at a meeting of the China-CELAC (Community of Latin America and the Caribbean) Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi claimed that BRI would “inject new energy into the China-CELAC comprehensive cooperative partnership and open up new prospects.” Given the impressive rise of the People’s Republic of China to the world’s second largest economy—first, by some measures—and the difficulties that many LAC countries were experiencing, it is hardly surprising that Wang’s offer was greeted with enthusiasm. If brought to completion, the integration of the LAC region into BRI would comprise 65 percent of the world’s population and 40 percent of global GDP..

Origins of the Belt and Road:BRI is a breathtakingly ambitious program designed to underwrite the costs of global economic growth. As first explained, the road would revive the ancient Silk Route (albeit in re-imagined form) that passed through Central Asia, with an equally fanciful maritime route that extended to Southeast Asia and Africa. There is a good deal of creativity here: there were actually several routes through Central Asia. They had their heyday during the Mongol—i.e. non-Han Chinese—Yuan dynasty, and the name Silk Route/s itself was coined by German geographer Baron Ferdinand von Richthofen, who wrote of Seidenstrasse.

Chinese merchants did indeed venture to Japan and Southeast Asia, but with the exception of the short-lived voyages of Zheng He (1405-1433), the country was basically an inward-focused continental power.

毛主席曾經說: 西方不亮,東方亮.2023年由中國推動拓展的,一帶一路投資發展建設計劃,初期10年有成,已經達到顯著的積效,令美國及西方國家刮目相看,路遙知馬力,面對未來的挑戰與機遇,是依賴全體會員國共同努力以赴,開創新局勢,共同創造財富與發展.

\B&R – China’s Many Motives

Trade
  • Remove physical bottlenecks to trade in Eurasia
  • Foster new export markets for Chinese goods
  • Promote the renminbi’s (RMB) internationalization through billions of RMB-denominated transactions related to project payments and loans
Economic
  • Accelerate economic growth and state-owned enterprise (SOE) profits through new infrastructure contracts
  • Prepare domestic Chinese companies for global competition through exposure to international projects and management practices3
  • Pair ongoing SOE restructuring with a favorable business environment for completing contracts
  • Find new avenues for credit expansion and economic growth outside of China
Political
  • Project a softer image to neighbors by demonstrating leadership, generosity, and a commitment to clean energy investment
  • Showcase China-led multilateral institutions, build credibility and standing among international agencies
  • Create a foreign policy legacy for Xi Jinping’s presidency
Military
  • Secure strategic access to ports and air facilities through commercial investments in poor but politically friendly countries. B&R investments such as Gwadar Port in Pakistan and Hambantota port in Sri Lanka have raised alarm in India that China plans to encircle the region5
  • In the course of securing projects and running supply lines, expand China’s naval and military reach in Belt and Road geographies
Security
  • Bring stability to China’s poorer Central and Western provinces through accelerated economic development and physical connection to the rest of China
  • Open alternative routes for oil and gas imports. Roughly 80% of China’s energy supplies today pass through the narrow Malacca Straits

. It is a true story from OBOR.baute6kd

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The Belt and Road Initiative, rooted in the Silk Road spirit of peace, cooperation, openness, inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit, follows the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits.

It is about connecting culture. It is about connecting communities. It is about enriching economies and improving the standard of living of people.– Christine Lagarde
Managing DirectorInternational Monetary Fund

Belt and Road is now seen as part of the China solution for the whole world, not just the developing world. The question is what is the cost of stepping up to play that role. If they step up to the mark, it is not cheap.

The Belt and Road (B&R, or One Belt, One Road) is an ambitious vision for global trade, infrastructure development, and diplomacy. First articulated by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013, the initiative frames China as the geographic and financial center, with ties radiating toward Europe, Asia, and Africa.

.IT IS MAKE MONEY FROM THE OBOR.

bautevtsvq.

One Belt, One Road! Chinas bid to world economic dominance!

.

Why India is lost OBOR with China ?.

India under control by USA.

India lost  huge of money D/O from the OBOR/CHINA.

India ask join the AIIB, but stop it by USA..

India is over..

Silk Road 2.0:The tangible concept behind OBOR is to build an extensive network of infrastructure – including railways, roads, pipelines, and utility grids – that help link China to the rest of Asia, as well as Africa and Europe.

This multi-trillion dollar project will fill the infrastructure gap that currently inhibits economic growth potential on the world’s largest continent, but it has other important objectives as well. By connecting all of these economies together, China is hoping to become the gatekeeper for a new platform international trade cooperation and integration.

Economic Corridors for OBOR

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The “Belt and Road Initiative” is all about building dreams and realizing them. This dream, is not only the dream of 1.4 billion Chinese over 5,000 years, it is also a world dream. The Belt and Road Initiative is a bridge connecting A China Dream with A World Dream.  It is a dream of peace under heaven, and the world as one. This dream belongs to all of us. It belongs to you, and to me.

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