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亞美尼亞共和國的希臘神廟
2022/06/29 12:38
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可能是紀念碑和戶外的圖像
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加尼神廟(Temple of Garni)位於亞美尼亞科泰克省(Kotayk, Armenia)阿扎特河(Azat River)左岸,是該國現存唯一希臘/羅馬式(Greco-Roman)建築,建於一世紀亞美尼亞國王提里達底一世(Tiridates I, King of Armenia)統治時期。加尼神廟雖然充滿希臘羅馬風格,但神殿內供奉的卻是受波斯古代宗教瑣羅亞斯德教(Zoroastrianism)影響的亞美尼亞神話中的太陽神米爾(Mihr),而且更有希臘神話神祇雕像,其實這跟古代亞美尼亞背後歷史息息相關
四世紀時,亞美尼亞王國皈依基督教。為了鞏固新興宗教,亞美尼亞國王提里達底三世(Tiridates III, King of Armenia)下令摧毀國內所有代表異教的建築,雕像和圖騰,唯有加尼神廟逃過一劫。據說這是因為提里達底三世妹妹希望把神廟作為夏宮,也有一個說法指它根本並非神廟,而只是一座陵墓。然而加尼神廟周邊帶有異教色彩的雕像或圖騰,還是被完全破壞掉,因此我們今天已無法看到那些原置在神廟的異教神祇雕像和圖騰。
亞美尼亞王國的憲法規定基督教是國教他們是若亞的後裔.

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可能是紀念碑和戶外的圖像

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