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閱讀札記28〈國立西南聯合大學紀念碑文〉(摘錄)
2021/02/16 17:50
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稽之往史,我民族若不能立足於中原、偏安江表,稱曰南渡。南渡之人,未有能北返者。晉人南渡,其例一也;宋人南渡;其例二也;明人南渡,其例三也。風景不殊,晉人之深悲;還我河山,宋人之虛願。吾人為第四次之南渡,乃能於不十秊間,收恢復之全功,庾信不哀江南,杜甫喜收薊北,此其可紀念者四也。聯合大學初定校歌,其辭始嘆南遷流難之苦辛,中頌師生不屈之壯志,終寄最後勝利之期望;校以今日之成功,歷歷不爽,若合符契。聯合大學之始終,豈非一代之盛事、曠百世而難遇者哉!爰就歌辭,勒為碑銘。銘曰:痛南渡,辭宮闕。駐衡湘,又離別。更長征,經嶢嵲。望中原,遍灑血。抵絕徼,繼講說。詩書喪,猶有舌。儘笳吹,情彌切。千秋恥,終已雪。見仇寇,如煙滅。起朔北,迄南越,視金甌,已無缺。大一統,無傾折,中興業,繼往烈。維三校,兄弟列,為一體,如膠結。同艱難,共歡悅,聯合竟,使命徹。神京復,還燕碣,以此石,象堅節,紀嘉慶,告來哲。

格主案:國立西南聯合大學是中華民國高等教育史上的傳奇。今天聯合報副刊有張作錦的相關文章,可參看。這篇碑文是由文學院院長馮友蘭寫的,本文摘錄的是最後一段。文章談到,中國史上中央政權四次南遷,沒有能北返的,一九四五年是例外的一次。之後的故事,大家也都知道了。國立西南聯合大學聚集當時的學術菁英,茅草屋蓋成的大學居然可以產出諾貝爾物理獎得主兩人、兩三百位的中央研究院院士、中國科學院院士、人文大師。當今的兩岸四地華人地區的大學,品類眾多,有些大學資源非常充足,但能產出的大師有限,這是何因?這是高教的大哉問課題。

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1樓. 雨荷軒主
2021/02/20 21:57
Among all Chinese societies in the world,Taiwan is the only one that has a comprehensive spectrum of long-developed freedom. We have the freedom of speech, freedom of contract,freedom of research, freedom of press, freedom of Internet, freedom of exercising trade, and most of all, the freedom and democracy of electing our own President,Congressmen,county Mayors and so on.Such freedom and respect of human dignity are the key values that are behind all the great achievements of Taiwan.So when we ask you to support Taiwan,we actually are asking you to support the freedom and human dignity behind as values to our society.This is a feature you cannot ever find in any other Chinese societies around the world.This is why we cherish it,this is why we should support it, and this is the fundamental faith we hold as we celebrate our National day here.