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天下文章一大抄
2017/10/07 23:29
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前言:我在《兩首有關鳥與鳥籠的詩》(9/24/2017)提到「天下文章一大抄」,說見怪不怪一筆略過,其實我幾年前曾經因為一件類似的新聞寫過一篇《天下文章一大抄》的文章,改寫後刊登如下.

美國歷史學家亞姆布魯斯(Stephen E. Ambrose)寫的題材多是前人早已研究出過書的,參考舊書在所難免,但是2014年有人指出他的書常常不詳細註明那段文字節錄自何人作品.亞姆布魯斯文才好又有口才能推銷作品﹐因而成為暢銷書作者,很多歷史學者雖有學術地位卻不能像他那樣寫出一本一本的暢銷書﹐本來就很嫉妒他﹐如今當然是個個磨拳擦掌的翻舊帳來打擊他.亞姆布魯斯雖然認錯﹐願意再版時更正﹐但堅稱是為了應付出版商多產的要求難免疏忽失察.

我記得大一國文課時讀了《 史記》某篇﹐接下來剛好是《 漢書》某篇﹐我發現有些段落兩書很相像﹐不同的似乎只是虛字的運用. 其實《漢書》記載西漢的歷史時取材主要來自《史記》,眾所週知並無隱瞞之意﹐但是教授沒有說我大驚小怪,卻回答「天下文章一大抄﹐有人抄的好﹐有人抄的不好﹐如此而已.」那時以為他開玩笑,後來讀到台灣作家陳櫻說意境相同也算抄襲﹐猜想國文教授也有同樣的觀點,他說天下文章一大抄並不是開玩笑.

亞姆布魯斯事件證實文章一大抄果然是四海皆準,他可能也沒有隱瞞之意,但是現代美國文學界對引用他人文詞自律甚嚴﹐如有原文照抄(direct quote)不僅要用雙括號,並且要逐條注明出處.亞姆布魯斯習慣只在註腳和書跋裡籠統的感謝所有原作者,顯然不合這個規則,如今算是夜路走多了終於碰上了鬼.
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上一則: 科幻小說的先知
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迴響(5) :
5樓. 戈 筆 揚
2017/11/21 21:52

现代的作品都是众目昭彰,难道还有人敢抄?不怕毁了招牌?

偶爾還是有不怕死的. 不過引出我這篇文章的例子只是借用而沒有清楚註明,不是真的'抄'. 吳怡仁2017/11/22 00:52回覆
4樓. 陸游
2017/10/08 12:01

這個歪風在台灣已「發揚光大」到令人扼腕嘆息的地步。從陳水扁女婿到不久前的台大事件.....

參考拙作:聆聽同儕 http://blog.udn.com/jfeng13x/82665963

在歐美主要科學期刊中,詳列 quote 及 references 是基本的寫作倫理。

 

謝謝補充.

偽造「同儕審查」? 不可思議!

吳怡仁2017/10/09 00:05回覆
3樓. pearlz (心有千千結)
2017/10/08 07:34
抄襲成習慣

看來抄襲是有可能惡習成性,自己渾然不知。

這的確跟一般的品德操守有關聯的惡習是沒有兩樣的。呵呵,我個人的解讀。


我同意. 吳怡仁2017/10/08 08:14回覆
2樓. pearlz (心有千千結)
2017/10/08 07:15
找到了
n 2002, Ambrose was accused of plagiarizing several passages in his book The Wild Blue. Fred Barnes reported in The Weekly Standard that Ambrose had taken passages from Wings of Morning: The Story of the Last American Bomber Shot Down over Germany in World War II, by Thomas Childers, a history professor at the University of Pennsylvania. Ambrose had footnoted sources, but had not enclosed in quotation marks numerous passages from Childers's book.

Ambrose asserted that only a few sentences in all his numerous books were the work of other authors. He offered this defense:

I tell stories. I don't discuss my documents. I discuss the story. It almost gets to the point where, how much is the reader going to take? I am not writing a Ph.D. dissertation.

I wish I had put the quotation marks in, but I didn't. I am not out there stealing other people's writings. If I am writing up a passage and it is a story I want to tell and this story fits and a part of it is from other people's writing, I just type it up that way and put it in a footnote. I just want to know where the hell it came from.

A Forbes investigation of his work found cases of plagiarism involving passages in at least six books, with a similar pattern going all the way back to his doctoral dissertation. The History News Network lists seven of Ambrose's more than 40 works—The Wild Blue, Undaunted Courage, Nothing Like It In the World, Nixon: Ruin and Recovery, Citizen Soldiers, The Supreme Commander, and Crazy Horse and Custer—contained content from twelve authors without appropriate attribution from Ambrose.
非常謝謝你詳盡的補充資料.有趣的是他的強辯還是被揭穿. 吳怡仁2017/10/08 07:21回覆
1樓. pearlz (心有千千結)
2017/10/08 06:25
天下文章一大抄

格主總能挑起讓大眾都有興趣的話題,這個話題可以讓大家打開話匣子。

本文簡短,讀來意猶未盡,如果格主能舉出抄襲文句的實例一饗讀者,那就更棒了。


當初好像是在一個電視書評節目裡聽到這件事的討論,如今不知要到那裡去找資料.抱歉,不是要吊你味口.

吳怡仁2017/10/08 06:50回覆
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