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表達「減少、降低」的英文句型
2019/01/10 09:50
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廖柏森

在描述數據下降或現象趨勢減緩縮小時常會用到decrease, fall, decline, drop, dive, plunge, plummet等動詞,而修飾這些動作時,我們同樣可以視情況需求使用slowly, slightly, steadily, gradually, moderately, abruptly, dramatically, sharply, steeply, rapidly, significantly, considerably, markedly, substantially, enormously等程度不同的副詞。另外,上述動詞中也可作名詞使用。  

1. The percentage of respondents who reported never having used the Internet decreased greatly, and the percentage reporting frequent use increased greatly.

受訪者回應從未使用過網路的比例大為減少,且回答使用網路頻繁的比例大增。

2. An increase in time spent on schoolwork did not lead to a decrease in the time available for pleasure reading.

花在學校功課的時間增加,並不會導致花在休閒閱讀的時間減少

3. During the economic crisis of the 1990s, the book market shrank and the annual book production fell nearly 20% within a few years.

   1990年代經濟危機時的書市萎縮,在幾年內年產值就下跌近20%

4. Urgent action is needed to prevent further decline.

   需要採取緊行動來防止進一步下滑

5. The statistics shows a dramatic decline in the number of Bachelor’s degrees earned in French over the last 20 or so years in the United States.

統計數據顯示,過去約20年在美國所取得的法文學士學位數量呈現戲劇性的下降

6. The stock market has seen a significant drop in the second half of 2018.

  2018下半年股市呈現大幅下跌

7. The stock market took a dive after President Trump’s tough talk on trade with China.

    在川普總統對中貿易的強硬談話之後,股市應聲下跌

8. The United States increased the interest rate significantly, causing property prices and the stock market to plummet.

    美國大幅調升利率,引起房地產價格和股市大跌

 

補充句型

1. The amount of … is likely to drop sharply by …

2. There has been a slight fall in the number of …

3. Despite the continued decline in …, …

4. What can be clearly seen in the chart is the steady decline of …

5. The apparent decline in … does not necessarily herald a decline in the importance of …

6. …continued to plummet over the past 6 months.

 

 

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