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屍體也有毒!台東海岸暴增世界第3毒僧帽水母
2018/03/14 06:44
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屍體也有毒!台東海岸暴增世界第3毒僧帽水母          新頭殼  Reporter 丘秝榕

去台東海岸要小心,這種水母連屍體也有毒!台東縣政府指出,近日台東縣海岸邊發現數量龐大的「僧帽水母」,這種水母世界毒性排名第3,連屍體都有毒性,遊客千萬別以為水母死亡沒有威脅性就隨易觸碰,若被水母螫傷,輕者皮膚紅腫刺痛,嚴重者會有過敏等反應,也可能導致呼吸困難、肌肉痙攣,甚至休克,台東醫院呼籲,若被水母螫傷,應儘速前往醫院就診,千萬別用偏方治療,延誤病情。

台東縣政府指出,近日有不少遊客在台東縣海岸邊發現數量龐大的「僧帽水母」,在水母世界毒性排名第3的「僧帽水母」為何大量出現在台東海岸上,引起台東地方民眾及社團的議論,推論可能是氣候變遷,引起的生物變異,因為水母的生殖季節,在每年的春末夏初,約4至6月間才比較會有數量增多的情況,今年的異常情況值得科學家們作深入的研究。

衛生福利部台東醫院表示,近期確有民眾反映在台東烏石鼻漁港礁石及杉原灣的沙灘上,發現近百公尺大量的水母遺體,經照片確認為有毒的「僧帽水母」,被海浪拍打上岸的水母屍體一樣具有毒性,遊客千萬不要用身體接觸,如果被不明水母螫傷,應儘速前往醫院就診,醫師提醒,一旦發現被螫到要盡快就醫,不要迷信任何民間偏方,例如用尿液塗在傷口上等,反而可能造成其他感染或過敏反應。

醫師提醒,被水母螫傷後,刺絲胞可能會卡在皮膚上,若用另一隻手去撥,反造成他處也沾染毒性蛋白質,最好的方式就是在水中以衣物撥除,降低傷害,當水母毒液接觸到人體後,依水母種類,接觸時間長短,接觸面積大小及部位,毒液的毒性強弱,以及毒液的濃度之不同,產生的反應也差異很大。

不過台東醫院指出,近期尚未收治被水母螫傷的患者,在以往夏季的時間,因為遊客會下水遊玩,較容易出現被水母螫的患者,輕者皮膚紅腫刺痛,像被燙傷的感覺,嚴重者會有過敏等反應,更嚴重者也可能導致呼吸困難、肌肉痙攣,甚至休克,不過近年來,未接獲有很嚴重的病例。

而在急診臨床上治療被水母螫傷患者,第一件事就是要維持生命跡象的穩定,注意患者是否有產生血管性水腫或是休克等症狀,包括呼吸、心跳、血壓等,一般原則上治療施以口服類固醇、止痛藥、止癢藥,外用藥膏,及靜脈或肌肉注射藥物,可幫助緩解皮膚癢及痛的症狀。

如果有次發性的細菌感染,則可能需要使用抗生素來治療。台東醫院提醒,千萬不要碰觸不明的海洋動、植物,以免危害自己的健康安全。

https://today.line.me/TW/pc/article/屍體也有毒!台東海岸暴增世界第3毒僧帽水母-2z0BZO   

Terry Jacks - Seasons In The Sun

Goodbye to you my trusted friend
We've known each other since we were nine or ten
Together we've climbed hills and trees
Learned of love and ABC's
Skinned our hearts and
Skinned our knees

We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the hills that we climbed were just seasons out of time

Goodbye Papa please pray for me
I was the black sheep of the family
You tried to teach me right from wrong
Too much wine and too much song
Wonder how I got along

We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the wine and the song like the seasons have all gone
We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the wine and the song like the seasons have all gone

Goodbye Michelle my little one
You gave me love and helped me find the sun
And every time that I was down
You would always come around
And get my feet back on the grou

We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the hills that we climbed were just seasons out of time
We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the wine and the song like the seasons have all gone
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YG9otasNmxI

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