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2018/09/09 10:03
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引用文章(引用文章) 有行動才有力量 - 以核養綠 

Environment Progress 美國環保團體給蔡英文的一封信  

中文翻譯 http://environmentalprogress.org/taiwan-letter-chinese

英文  http://environmentalprogress.org/taiwan-letter/

中文翻譯文轉載:

致蔡英文總統公開信中文翻譯

令人尊敬的蔡英文總統

總統府

10048中華民國台北市中正區重慶南路一段122號

親愛的蔡總統:

作為獨立的科學家、天然資源保護論者、以及能源專家,我們為您對環境保護及以民主方式決策的決心喝采。我們尤其強烈地支持您對減緩致命的空氣污染以及達成臺灣在2015年聯合國氣候會談期間所做的減碳承諾。

我們寫下這封信來向您表達我們十分關切臺灣正走向捨棄潔淨的核能轉而使用石化能源,並且想要警示您注意由利益團體所散佈的錯誤資訊,而且鼓勵您採用更民主的方法來對抗臺灣的能源危機。

八月發生在臺灣的大停電無疑是一個對廢核的戲劇化警示。臺灣有半數的家戶失去了電力供應,並造成了超過150間公司數百萬美金的損失。

有些人將這場大停電歸咎於發生在臺灣最大天然氣電廠的人為疏失,但這次停電的供給與需求差異幾乎與目前臺灣停擺機組所能供應的電力是相同的。

能源界的專家皆表示臺灣是無法使用再生能源來替換核能與石化燃料。去年太陽能與風力加起來提供臺灣不足5%的電力。相反地核能提供了近13%的電力,而且這個比例在所有的核能機組運轉時將達到23%。

作為一個國土狹小,人口密集且有96%的能源仰賴進口的國家,臺灣特別不適合使用像太陽能與風力這些再生能源。

臺灣將需要再花費700億美金來建立617座跟目前島內最大的太陽能電廠一樣大的太陽能電廠才能替代現有核能電廠。而這些驚人的數字還不包括為了應付沒有陽光時必須儲存這些能源的高昂成本以及需要幾乎要跟八成台北市面積一樣大的土地成本

用化石燃料取代臺灣的核能電廠已經增加了因為空氣污染而死的風險。去年耶魯大學所做的研究指出以民眾暴露在不安全空氣污染的比例來看,臺灣是世界上最糟的10個國家之一

用天然氣取代核能也可能危及大眾安全。三年前,高雄市的瓦斯氣爆造成25人死亡以及267人受傷。相反地,根據知名的醫學期刊「柳葉刀」指出,核能是產生電力最安全的方式,而且至今已經拯救了高達一百八十萬人的性命。

由於與核能有競爭關係的能源還有利益團體舉辦許多活動傳播相同的錯誤訊息,因此核能卓越的安全記錄並不為多數的臺灣人民所理解。而在臺灣,由錯誤資訊導致的恐懼已經造成了財務與環境上的高昂成本

用天然氣來替代臺灣現存運轉中與封存的核電廠將導致在目前天然氣價格低迷的情況下,每年依然必須花28.5億美金來購買天然氣。這些錢用臺灣的人均年收入23,916美金來計算等於119,000個新工作機會。

獨立的專家已經警告,如果臺灣依照現有的2025年非核的規劃,電費將成長10%或更多而嚴重傷害臺灣的半導體產業。

近年來,臺灣社會一直呼籲對臺灣的核能未來進行公投。南韓最近進行了公民審議以向總統建議目前正在興建中的兩個核電廠該如何處置。

我們也建議您考慮類似的民主作法。像南韓這樣的公民審議允許大型的、具代表性的民眾抽樣學習到相關的科學知識,聽取不同的聲音並提出建議。透過提供比南韓經驗的三天更長的時間來讓公民審議團學習到相關的事實,臺灣將可以比南韓的經驗做得更好。

做為外人,我們尊重臺灣的主權與民主,也因此提供這封信來鼓勵您採用您所承諾的民主決策與環保來對抗臺灣的能源危機。臺灣的未來發展以及自然環境與氣候是如此重要,因此絕不能夠讓利益團體透過販售迷信與恐懼來使得這些珍貴的事物變得脆弱不堪。

真誠的,

麥可 薛蘭柏格(Michael Shellenberger),時代雜誌所選「環境英雄」,環境進展機構主席

詹姆士 漢森(James Hansen),哥倫比亞大學地球研究所,環境科學家

凱瑞 伊曼紐(Kerry Emanuel),麻省理工學院大氣科學家

普希克 科赫查(Pushker Kharecha),哥倫比亞大學,美國航太總署

理查 羅德斯(Richard Rhodes),普立茲獎得主,「核能復興」與「如何製造原子彈」等書的作者

愛爾青(Erle C. Ellis)博士,馬里蘭大學地理與環境系統教授

克里斯多福 福爾曼(Christopher Foreman), 馬里蘭大學公共政策學院,「環境正義的承諾與危險」作者

諾里斯 麥當勞(Norris McDonald),環境希望與正義機構主席

喬書亞 S. 高斯登(Joshua S. Goldstein),美利堅大學國際關係名譽退休教授

喬 拉西特(Joe Lassiter),哈佛商學院教授

大衛 利亞(David Lea),加州大學地球科學教授

馬丁 路易斯(Martin Lewis),史丹福大學地理系

史蒂芬 平克(Stephen Pinker),哈佛大學認知科學家

薩米爾 薩蘭(Samir Saran),印度德里觀察家研究基金會副總裁

傑夫 泰瑞(Jeff Terry),伊利諾理工學院物理教授

巴雷特 沃克(Barrett Walker),亞列士 C. 沃克基金會

英文原文轉載:

October 23, 2017

 

Honorable President Tsai Ing-wen

Office of the President

No. 122, Sec. 1, Chongqing S. Rd., Zhongzheng District

Taipei City 10048, Taiwan (ROC)

 

Dear President Tsai,

As independent scientists, conservationists, and energy experts, we applaud your commitment to environmental protection and democratic decision-making. In particular, we strongly support your commitment to reducing deadly air pollution and fulfilling the commitment Taiwan made at the 2015 United Nations climate talks to reduce its carbon emissions.

We are writing now to express our concern at Taiwan’s transition away from clean, nuclear energy to fossil fuels, warn against a misinformation campaign being waged by financial interests, and encourage a democratic resolution to Taiwan’s energy crisis. 

Last August’s electricity blackout stands as a dramatic warning to Taiwan of the consequences of its nuclear phase-out. Half of all Taiwanese households lost power, as did over 150 companies, costing millions of dollars.

Some blamed the outage on “human error” at Taiwan’s largest natural gas plant, but the gap between supply and demand was almost identical to the amount of power provided by Taiwan’s shuttered reactors.

Energy experts agree that Taiwan cannot replace nuclear and fossil fuels with renewables. Solar and wind combined provide less than five percent of Taiwan’s electricity last year. By contrast, nuclear energy alone provided 13 percent — and would have provided 23 percent had Taiwan been operating all of its reactors.

As a small, population-dense nation that already imports 96 percent of its energy, Taiwan is uniquely unsuited for renewables like solar and wind.

Taiwan would need to build 617 solar farms the size of its largest proposed solar farm at a cost of $71 billion just to replace its nuclear reactors. And that number does not include the high cost of storing the energy when the sun isn’t shining, or of purchasing the land required to cover an area 80 percent larger than the city of Taipei.

Replacing Taiwan’s nuclear plants with fossil fuels has already increased the risk of death from air pollution. Taiwan is one of the 10 worst countries in terms of the percentage of its citizens who are exposed to unsafe levels of air pollution, according to an international study published by Yale University last year.

Replacing electrical generation from nuclear with natural gas could threaten public safety. Just three years ago, gas explosions in the city of Kaohsiung killed 25 people and injured 267 others. By contrast, nuclear energy is the safest way to make electricity according to the prestigious medical journal Lancet, and to date has saved1.8 million lives.

Nuclear’s superior safety record is largely unknown to the Taiwanese people due to a concerted misinformation campaign partially funded by competing energy and financial interests. The high cost of Taiwan’s misinformation-driven fear of nuclear is economic as well as environmental.

Replacing electricity from Taiwan’s operational and mothballed nuclear plants with natural gas would cost $2.85 billion per year for the natural gas purchases alone, at current low prices. That amount of money could instead be used to create the equivalent of 119,000 jobs paying Taiwan’s per capita annual average salary of $23,916.

If Taiwan goes forward with its planned phase-out of nuclear energy by 2025, electricity prices will rise at least 10 percent percent and more likely much higher. The prospects of much higher electricity rates could grievously harm Taiwan’s semiconductor industry, independent experts warn

In recent years, voices from within Taiwanese society have called for a national referendum on the future of nuclear energy. South Korea recently held a “citizens jury” to recommend to the president the fate of two nuclear reactors currently under construction.

We encourage you to consider a similarly democratic process. The value of a citizens jury process like South Korea’s is that it allows for a large, representative sample of the public to learn the scientific facts, hear all sides, and recommend a decision. Taiwan could improve on South Korea’s by allowing more than just three days for the citizens jury to learn the facts.  

As outsiders, we respect Taiwan’s sovereignty and democracy, and offer this letter to encourage you to address Taiwan’s energy crisis in a way that is consistent with your commitment to democratic decision-making and environmental protection. The future of Taiwan, and the natural environment, including the climate, are too important to leave vulnerable to special interests peddling superstition and fear.

Sincerely,

Michael Shellenberger, Time Magazine "Hero of the Environment," President, Environmental Progress

James Hansen, Climate Scientist, Earth Institute, Columbia University  

Kerry Emanuel, Professor of Atmospheric Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

David Lea, Professor, Earth Science, University of California

Martin Lewis, Department of Geography, Stanford University

Stephen Pinker, Cognitive Scientist, Harvard University

Pushker Kharecha, Columbia University, NASA

Richard Rhodes, Pulitzer Prize recipient, author of Nuclear Renewal and The Making of the Atomic Bomb

Mark Boyce, Professor of Ecology, University of Alberta 

Erle C. Ellis, Ph.D, Professor, Geography & Environmental Systems, University of Maryland

Christopher Foreman, author of The Promise & Peril of Environmental Justice, School of Public Policy, University of Maryland

Norris McDonald, President, Environmental Hope and Justice

Nobuo Tanaka, Sasakawa Peace Foundation

Gwyneth Cravens, author of Power to Save the World

Wolfgang Denk, European Director, Energy for Humanity

Joshua S. Goldstein, Prof. Emeritus of International Relations, American University

Joe Lassiter, Professor, Harvard Business School

Jeff Terry, Professor of Physics, Illinois Institute of Technology

Barrett Walker, Alex C. Walker Foundation

有誰推薦more
迴響(4) :
4樓. 【無★言】家喻戶曉的中國人
2018/09/10 16:23

多謝轉載。我也將之貼到我的格子。

Taiwan is one of the 10 worst countries in terms of the percentage of its citizens who are exposed to unsafe levels of air pollution, according to an international study published by Yale University last year.

上文出處找不到。原文裡的連結已經失效。

那應該也是文末連署的某位學者專家的文章,原始網站已經移除才會這樣。

 Fox恭喜恭喜 

看有哪一位英文好又有空閒的,幫忙在網海中撈撈看,也許撈得到......

文武兩邊站, 可可疊羅漢2018/09/10 17:07回覆
3樓. 九州昧慚生
2018/09/10 13:58
原來是有利益團體掛鉤,才這樣蠻幹惡幹到底,連人民的死活都可以不顧,真的是壞透了!

別忘了,油、電、水、金融等都是「國家特許」的項目,箇中因緣牽絲大家心知肚明。賠本的生意沒人幹,只要有賺頭,即便將腦袋賭上 -- 尤其是別人的腦袋更是不會客氣,也要將油水狠撈一把......

  

沒救了.....

文武兩邊站, 可可疊羅漢2018/09/10 14:34回覆
2樓. 醉夢Horace
2018/09/09 23:06

蔡英文民進黨人最喜歡挾外以自重

這種主張與蔡英文政策不符的說法

封殺都來不及了

怎麼有可能讓它出現在報章媒體呢

所以俺看到了就轉載,讓更多人能看到......

 Fox想 

 

文武兩邊站, 可可疊羅漢2018/09/09 23:14回覆
1樓. 馮紀游(暱稱:陸游)
2018/09/09 20:26
與虎謀皮!

俺覺得「對牛彈琴」比較合適.....

 Fox三條線 

 

文武兩邊站, 可可疊羅漢2018/09/09 20:51回覆
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