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KK音標發音規則
2009/12/30 20:46
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1. 母音:
1) [i] 字母組合:ee ea e ie
three tree green sheep meet beef see seek(ee)
eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please(ea)
he she me(e)
piece receive ceiling (ie,ei)
2) [ɪ] 發音字母 i y e
sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss
myth many twenty happy dictionary
defect decide delicious
3) 發音字母 a [a]
bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man
4) [ɛ] 字母組合 ea e a
head bread pleasure
elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes
many any
5) [ɝ] 字母組合ir ur ear er or
girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird
turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger
learn earn earth heard
term her nerd serve
work worm work world
6) [ɚ] 字母組合 er or ou ar o a e u
teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder
doctor actor mayor author tractor
delicious gracious
pleasure familiar
collar dollar together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite around account ago
elephant manta banana Canada Japan china men listen
famulus Saturday
7) [ar] 字母組合 ar a
car farm card arm garden
fast class last glass plant aunt calm
8) [ʌ] 發音字母 u o ou oo
up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus
come mother dose brother love above
trouble rough flourish
blood flood
9) [ɔ]字母組合 al or au our ar aw
small wall talk tall hall ball call walk
short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store
author caught autumn
four mourn court bought
warm quarrel quarter
draw saw flaw
10) [ɑ]  發音字母 o a
hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not
want wash
11) [u] 字母組合 oo o u
food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth
shoe do two
true truth blue full
12) [ʊ] 字母組合 oo ou u
look good foot book
should could
put full bull pull push
woman wolf
13) [e] 字母組合 a ay ea ai ey
name cake late gate plane April
play say may way
great break
rain paint plain
they grey
14) [aɪ]  發音字母 i y
bike fine find die nine light night high
my try fly eye
15) [aʊ] 字母組合 ou ow
house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse
flower down now cow how town
16) [o]  發音字母 o ow oa
home cold go no phone host ghost
know low below grow blow show flow
boat coat goal
17) [ ɔɪ] 字母組合 oy oi
boy toy joy
oil soil voice choice
18) [ir] 字母組合 eer
beer deer ear idea near here fierce
19) [εr] 字母組合 ear air
pear bear chair air fair care there where
20) [ur] hour tour poor flower shower
2.容易混淆的母音
[a] [ɛ]
bad bed hand head man men land lend pan pen sad said
[i] [e]
real rail greet great mean main read raid
[ɛ] [ai]
bet bite red write said side head hide
 [aʊ] [ɔr]
house horse loud lord south sauce cloud clause now nor count corn
[aʊ] [ɑ]
found fond down done gown gone town ton
3.子音
1) [p] pen pear play pig pour pull push
2) [b] book big boot bike bread break
3) [t] tree two ten ton town twenty city
4) [d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary
5) [k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky (發音字母 k)
card cat cream correct climb come account accept (發音字母 c)
fox box oxygen x-ray (發音字母 x)
school schedule schema (字母組合 ch)
6) [g] girl good goal goat grade long language
7) [m] man make moon morning move come comb
8) [n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean
9) [N] uncle bank English think thank junk
sing king morning evening
10) [l] long land lend lord fly flag black
world cold could goal soul
11) [r] read red right run room write
12) [f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife (字母 f)
cough laugh rough(字母 gh)
physic photo phone (ph)
13) [v] very evening even every voice vest(字母 v)
of (字母f)
14) [s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf (發音字母 s)
license city cease cedar ceiling celebrate (發音字母 c)
licence piece juice science lance space ace (字母組合ce)
15) [z] zoo zebra zero zap (z)
close nose hose suppose pause those whose (se)
16) [θ] think thank three thirty tooth mouth
17) [e] that this those these though
18) [ʃ] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash (sh)
nation attention station
social special
sure
19) [ʒ] pleasure
20) [h] hot hop home house horse how who
21) [w] when what where window wind wood
22) [j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow
23) [tʃ] child chicken china chair lunch ouch teach (字母組合ch)
catch watch match (字母組合tch)
24) [dʒ] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge
joy enjoy join July June junk
25) [tr] tree country try treat track trunk
26) [dr] dry dream drop drive drink
27) [ts] students boots boats goats nuts
28) [dz] goods woods moods hoods
4.容易混淆的輔音
[v] [w]
vest west vet wet vine wine very well
[s] [θ]
sink think mass math miss myth sort sought
[z] [θ]
close cloth breeze breathe
[n] [ŋ]
thin thing sin sing ran rang ban bang win wing
5. 字母,組合音節發音規律
1)a [ei] [a] [ə] [a:] [ɑ]
late private grade bake grape nation station page
active hand bank fan parent family glad flag
accept about above formative machine cinema
fast last glass class past father
wash what watch want
2)e [i:] [e] [i] [ə] 不發音
appreciate extremely secret she me he
letter left message generate pebble
decide pretty previous result restore
problem prosperous student confident
active table late wife store lecture
3)i [ai] [i]
high price library ice cream wife size line

fist pick chicken piano fiance city unit
4)o [əu] [u] [ʌ] [ə] [ɔ]
lode host cold note okay old home
lose do who whose prove
love some other mother honey company
today tomorrow together control collect
lost hot mock office soft honest
5)u [ju] [u] [ʌ] [ə]
university refuse unique universe huge
put push pull full bull
but brush bucket duck bubble
support suggest
6)c [k] ci ce [s]
country camp camera courage cable
city ceiling celebrate cell cease
7)g [g] [dʒ]
girl grade glass glade bag flag
village vegetable bridge gentleman gym
  ng [ŋ]
long song sing morning evening
8) l [l] 讀音不同
listen learn language collect English gorilla
world cold soil tall sell cool animal
9) n [n] [ŋ]
moon night noodle number
uncle hungry angry young
10) r [r] [ɑ:](美語發音)
right read write grade progress
card board door floor form north
11)y [j] [i] [ai]
yellow year yell young yolk
university country pretty happy
dyke dying fly buy by my
12)ar [a:] [ɔ] [ɔ:]
farm card garden mark
dollar
warm quarrel quarter
13) ea [i:] [e] [ei] [iə]
cease season breathe feature meat please
bread breast breath meadow weather
great break
idea realize
14) ear [ə:] [iə]
learn earth earn heard
hear near clear ear fear
15) er [ə:] [ə] [ər]
deserve serve her person
teacher driver anger singer
serious experience mysterious fierce
16) ere [iə] [ɛə]
here mere fere sere
there
17) ir [ɝ] [aɪr]
shirt girl skirt
admire desire
18) oo [u] [u] [ʌ] [or]
room tool cool moon noon goof food
good foot stood wood wool cook wood book
blood flood
door floor
19) or [ɔr] [ɝ] [ɚ]
short form corn born for
work world worm word worst
tractor doctor actor sector senior senator
20) oor [or] [ur]
door floor
moor poor boor
21) our [ur] [or]
hour tour flour bourn lour
pour court four mourn
22) ou [au] [ʌ] [ə]
house mouth mouse sound found
enough trouble touch
delicious gracious prosperous
23) ow [ə] [au]
window meadow know show low
now town how down cow
24) se [z] [s]
nose suppose gose lose pose rose
mouse house
25) th [W] [T]
thank think thought cloth
clothes that this then than
26) sion [ʃə] [ʒə]
propulsion tension progression passion
protrusion provision conclusion television
27) tion [ʃə] [tʃə] (不常見)
station nation translation attention
question
6.關於語音的幾個概念:
音素: 音的最小單位,英語中有48個音素.
音節: 由母音和輔音構成的發音單位.
母音: 發音響亮,是樂音,口腔中氣流不受阻礙,是音節的主要組成部分.英語中有20個母音. 輔音: 發音不響亮,是噪音,口腔中氣流受到阻礙,不是音節的重要組成部分,英語中有28個  
輔音.
開音節: 1)輔音+母音+輔音+不發音e kite cake name bike make take home plane shine
2)輔音+母音 he hi go no do be tree three hello
閉音節: 1)輔音+母音+輔音 sit bed bad bag hot hop let mad map head
2)母音+輔音 it is of in on up out ant


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