a) 眾議院之本案要旨 - 美國政府應鼓勵美國及台灣雙方各級官員的互訪。
b) 政策要義 - 美國國家應有以下政策：
Inside the White House Bible Study group
By Owen Amos BBC News, Washington DC 8 April 2018
For the first time in at least 100 years, the US Cabinet has a bible study group. What do they learn? What does Donald Trump make of it? And why arent women allowed to teach?
Every Wednesday, some of the worlds most powerful people meet in a conference room in Washington DC to learn about God.
The location cant be revealed - the Secret Service wont allow it - but the members can.
Vice-President Mike Pence. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos. Energy Secretary Rick Perry. Attorney General Jeff Sessions. The list goes on.
In total, 10 cabinet members are "sponsors" of the group. Not everyone attends every meeting - they are busy people - but they go if they can.
Meetings last between 60 and 90 minutes, and members are free to contact the teacher after-hours. So who is the man leading the United States most-influential bible study?
Step forward Ralph Drollinger, a seven-foot tall basketball pro turned pastor. Or, as the 63-year-old describes himself: "Just a jock with some bad knees."
Drollinger grew up in La Mesa, a suburb of San Diego, California. As a child, he rarely went to church - "Probably half a dozen times," he says - and didnt get far with the Bible.
"I always promised myself Id read it," he says. "But every time I tried, it didnt make a whole lot of sense to me."
In his last year of high school, after a basketball game, some cheerleaders invited him to bible study. He went, and his world changed.
"It was the first time I really heard the gospel," he says. "So I went home, read through the whole gospel of Matthew that night, and asked Jesus into my heart."
In 1972, Drollinger went to the University of California in Los Angeles on a basketball scholarship. He attended a bible-teaching church and, over the next four years, "fell in love with the scriptures".
After college, he could have played pro basketball - he was picked in the NBA draft three times - but, each time, turned it down.
"I sensed such a passion for ministry that everything paled in comparison," he says.
Instead, he signed for a Christian team called Athletes in Action. They played basketball around the world - 35 countries, he reckons - and preached the gospel at half-time.
"That was kind of perfect for me," he says. "Because I really didnt like basketball - but I liked to preach."
Drollinger did eventually turn pro, signing for the Dallas Mavericks in 1980, but only because he wanted to attend the seminary there. He played six games in the NBA and left after one season.
After retiring from basketball he worked in sports ministries, before turning to politics in 1996. The road to the White House started with failing Christians in California.
In 1996, Drollingers wife, Danielle, was executive director of a political action committee in California trying to unseat liberals from the state legislature and get Christians elected.
"But she was frustrated," he says. "They would send guys to Californias capitol - and she was great at getting them elected - but they would soon lose their Christian moorings."
So they took over the existing ministry in Sacramento, changed the name, and offered weekly bible studies, support, prayer, and one-on-one ministry.
It proved "wildly successful", so they expanded. Capitol Ministries is now in 43 US state capitols, and more than 20 legislatures abroad.
Each class is led by a local pastor, but none is led by a woman. Why not?
"Theres no [Biblical] prohibition of female leadership in commerce, theres no prohibition of female leadership in the state, and theres no prohibition of female leadership over children," says Drollinger.
"But there is a prohibition of female leadership in marriage, and female leadership in the church. And those are clear in scripture… it doesnt mean, in an egalitarian sense, that a woman is of lesser importance. Its just that they have different roles."
In 2010, Capitol Ministries arrived in Washington. There was already a ministry called The Fellowship, which runs the National Prayer Breakfast, but Drollinger felt it had "lost its marbles, Biblically".
It was, he says, candy floss Christianity - big, sweet, unsubstantial. By contrast, he wants to offer a "high-protein diet", teaching the bible book-by-book, one verse at a time. In Drollingers studies, it can take a year to finish one book.
"If you dont have a spiritual coach thats really driving you in the word of God - and driving you toward holiness rather than your own sinful, latent nature, and your own depravity - then youre not going to grow into Christs likeness," he says.
The Fellowship, he says, believes legislators can do bible study among themselves.
"I say no, technical foul. How will they hear without a preacher? Romans 10:15."
Capitol Ministries began a bible study for representatives in 2010, which now has almost 50 members.
When four of the group were elected to the Senate, they asked for a senators class, which began in 2015. Last March - two months after Donald Trump took office - the same process led to a group for cabinet members.
"Trump started appointing to his cabinet all the guys that were in our House and Senate bible study," says Drollinger, a trend he attributes to Vice-President Mike Pence, who "knew who those strong believers were".
"Unlike our secular media," Drollinger says, he and others saw the appointees had something in common - they "were strong in Christ".
"So Jeff Sessions, [former health secretary] Tom Price, others, said lets start a ministry, a Cabinet bible study."
Capitol Ministries believes it is the first Cabinet-level bible study for "at least 100 years". There was a group during George W Bushs presidency, but it was for lower-ranking staff members.
President Trump is not a member of Drollingers group - but he is a Christian, and does get Drollingers eight-page print-outs most weeks.
"He writes me back notes on my bible studies," says Drollinger.
"Hes got this leaky Sharpie felt-tip pen that he writes all capital letters with. Way to go Ralph, really like this study, keep it up. Stuff like that."
Drollingers weekly bible studies are not private, or secret. Anyone can read them online.
On same-sex marriage, he writes: "Homosexuality and same-sex ceremonies are illegitimate in Gods eyes. His word is repetitive, perspicuous [clearly expressed], and staid on the subject."
On capitalism, he writes: "The right to personal property, also known as free enterprise or capitalism, is the governmental economic system supported by scripture. Scripture does not support communism."
And on debt, he writes: "It is bad stewardship and downright foolishness for an individual, family, or country to borrow in order to cover expenses that far, far exceed income!"
So if politicians should learn from the Bible, should - for example - gay people be put to death? No, says Drollinger - some laws from the Old Testament should not apply.
"I think that was for [ancient] Israel, but its not for the church," he says, adding he doesnt import "the whole kit and caboodle of Old Testament law" like "the clumsy theonomist would".
Drollinger likens himself to a waiter in a restaurant. These lessons arent his - he is merely serving the word of God, as revealed in the Bible, to self-professed Christians.
"If God is the chef, then Im just the servant, and I hope the guys like the meal," he says. "But on the way out of the kitchen, Im not going to alter whats on the plate. So my job is just to be a servant."
And if people dont like the message - or, to put it his way, the meal?
"You have to go talk to the chef [God]. Unless Ive altered whats on the plate - which, hopefully in my discipline, I dont."
Drollinger believes the Bible teaches the separation of church and state.
"We have to differentiate," he says. "And unfortunately, a lot of our evangelical religious right advocates have not made this differentiation."
In January, when a New York Times opinion piece described Drollinger and others as "Christian nationalists", he wrote a 1400-word letter to complain. What was his objection?
"It has the idea of tyranny when you take it to its extreme," he says.
"It means that Im meeting with the Cabinet members clandestinely in order to overthrow the government - in the form that we presently have - for a theocracy. I mean, at the end of the day, thats the accusation, and I have to be strong on that."
But is a bible study for Cabinet members, with political themes, not a merging of church and state?
"I believe in institutional separation, but not influential separation," he says
"No matter what the institution is - the family, commerce, education - it needs the bulwark precepts of the word of God in order to function correctly…
"But the minute I start to amalgamate the church and the state institutionally, then Im into theocracy."
Drollinger never tells his members how to vote, or which policies to pursue. But he hopes it becomes obvious by teaching them the Bible.
"I will put the blueprint on the engineers seat on the train," he says. "And it will show you the right tracks to the station.
"But Im not going to tell you what tracks to take. But youve got to be pretty stupid not to follow the blueprint, because its there."
Do his students ever disappoint him?
"Oh yeah, I get disappointed a lot when I see immaturity," he says. "I was just talking to one member... his wife hates him. Hes been overspending his capital in his marriage by working 14 hours a day on politics.
"Thats disappointed me, because if he is divorced, then what kind of credibility does he really have long-term in the House [of Representatives] to make moral judgments?"
And what about their policies?
"When a person obviously knows the Biblical thing to do and votes against what he or she knows whats Biblical."
One Democrat, struggling with her partys support for same-sex marriage, contacted Drollinger for advice. He explained the Bibles teaching, as he saw it.
"The next bible study, she said that was really good. Now she cant necessarily stand publicly on what I just taught her, but its going on in her heart."
He says he wont tell her how to vote on the issue - voicing opposition to marriage might cost her an election.
"But at the same time, shes going to have to think, whats different between that and a prostitute? A prostitute sells her soul to maintain a salary. Are you as a Christian legislator, growing in Christ, selling your convictions in order to stay making a salary, or have influence?
"Ill never say it that graphically to a member. But you get my idea."
- 2樓. 天恩客2018/04/19 16:55金三胖三代淚血侍中共、靠核終脫中入西了！
人家金三胖留學歐洲懂得西方這一套！可惜「羽」被迫下鄉只懂「毛」零和 Zero Sum 鬥爭得你死我活、落伍的那一套！一下子就巳被比下去了！
羽毛「會前」能見金，「會中」「會後」要見金得 long Q 排隊了！
- 1樓. 天恩客2018/04/15 23:15川普弟兄早已奉天命 拯救台灣了