格外有格。別有一格
原文網址:http://blog.udn.com/playwright/112057263
列印日期:2021/11/28
Wes Anderson魏斯安德森【Isle of Dogs/犬之島】(2018)
2018/05/18 21:40:18
矽膠玩具般的肌理模擬,讓我想到洋娃娃做演出的偶劇創意


撰文/蔡瑋
從搜捕、隔離流浪犬的市政機制,聯想到政治的法西斯獨裁體制。又從主事者對貓狗不同的偏好,牽扯出民族主義與種族滅絕的議題。主人翁設定為掌權家庭中寄人籬下的未成年人,重疊上神話或演義中拯救犬族的少年英雄,同時符合訴求年輕觀眾的票房需要。主人翁未來感的裝束、個人客製化的飛行裝置,是主要搶眼的噱頭之一。尤其是矽膠玩具般的肌理模擬,讓我想到洋娃娃做演出的偶劇創意。連同被放逐到島上的家犬或流浪狗等腳色毛茸茸卻乾癟的軀體、神經質般動靜反差強烈的動作風格,又讓我意會到這未始不是一齣暗示性的以剝制標本為戲偶的演出,這又讓我感受到一股死亡的陰森美學。
死亡與戲劇或劇場的關係深厚,如能劇、儺劇、或跳鍾馗等。但本片與其說透過腳色的身份隱射亡者的靈魂,不如說借用現實中充滿死亡陰影的事件、場景等,建構一個與現實呈現劇烈反差的廢墟劇場—死亡的元素並非由腳色所帶出而是由整個演出的場景所暗示,何況造意者從中注入各種未來感的科技元素,讓死亡或無生命的非有機體世界的感官感受更為強烈。它的倫理意義在美學經營中完成,因此也替造意者無限徵用福島核災的符號的做法除罪。義無反顧的斑點與小主人的友情、流浪犬大哥的華麗轉身與羅漫史、尤其東京的美國交換女學生發起的抵制獨裁與犬隻的滅絕陰謀的行動、甚至掌權者做出的道德抉擇,讓人感受到一絲絲人性的暗示或彩度,而這些都是在森冷、灰暗的未來科技、核災的死亡陰影等、共同構成的非人性肌理的背景下跳出、獲得凸顯。
本片讓我聯想到日片【大約三十個謊言】的又一主題,社會對掌權者的謊言與欺瞞不知不覺中內化的深層影響,嚴重的時候可以導致群體人格的解體—誠信是人格統整的堤防,缺少誠信的政權使正直的人無所適從,不再信任獨裁者代理的群體意志。而唯有透過民意的更新才能解除類似的危機,而這往往是獨裁者營私腐敗、法西斯扭曲手段與目的之理性透支作為之餘所始料未及的。堅持政權的民意更新是維持社會群體人格完整所必須,相反的透過詐術、暴力、欺瞞手段以維持權力與秩序穩定的做法,只會讓個人賴以生存的社會在不知不覺中走向瓦解、敗亡—這也是歷史上的封建王朝無一倖免的耗盡誠信資本走向歷史終結的共同命運的系統性錯誤。(蔡瑋,20180518犬之島)
Directed by Wes Anderson
Produced by
Wes Anderson
Scott Rudin
Steven Rales
Jeremy Dawson
Screenplay by Wes Anderson
Story by
Wes Anderson
Roman Coppola
Jason Schwartzman
Kunichi Nomura
Starring
Bryan Cranston
Edward Norton
Bill Murray
Jeff Goldblum
Bob Balaban
Kunichi Nomura
Ken Watanabe
Greta Gerwig
Frances McDormand
Fisher Stevens
Nijiro Murakami
Harvey Keitel
Koyu Rankin
Liev Schreiber
Scarlett Johansson
Tilda Swinton
Akira Ito
Akira Takayama
F. Murray Abraham
Yojiro Noda
Mari Natsuki
Yoko Ono
Frank Wood
Narrated by Courtney B. Vance
Music by Alexandre Desplat
Cinematography Tristan Oliver
Edited by
Ralph Foster
Edward Bursch
Production company
Indian Paintbrush
American Empirical Pictures
Distributed by Fox Searchlight Pictures
Release date
February 15, 2018 (Berlinale)
March 23, 2018 (United States)
May 10, 2018 (Germany)
Running time
101 minutes
Country
United States
Germany
Language
English
Japanese
Box office $50.5 million
Cast
Bryan Cranston as Chief
Koyu Rankin as Atari Kobayashi
Edward Norton as Rex
Bob Balaban as King
Bill Murray as Boss
Jeff Goldblum as Duke
Kunichi Nomura as Mayor Kobayashi
Akira Takayama as Major Domo
Greta Gerwig as Tracy Walker
Frances McDormand as Interpreter Nelson
Akira Ito as Professor Watanabe
Scarlett Johansson as Nutmeg
Harvey Keitel as Gondo
F. Murray Abraham as Jupiter
Yoko Ono as Assistant Scientist Yoko Ono
Tilda Swinton as Oracle
Ken Watanabe as Head Surgeon
Mari Natsuki as Auntie
Fisher Stevens as Scrap
Nijiro Murakami as Editor Hiroshi
Liev Schreiber as Spots
Courtney B. Vance as the narrator
Yojiro Noda as News Anchor
Frank Wood as Simul-Translate Machine
Roman Coppola as Igor
Anjelica Huston as Mute Poodle
Kara Hayward as Peppermint
(Wikipedia)